History Test 1 - History Test 1 01/14 Main issues 1 What is the relation between the federal government and the individual American citizen 2

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01/14 History Test 1 Main issues: 1. What is the relation between the federal government and the individual American citizen? 2. Raises questions about authority of the government Reconstruction Questions: - Who can and can not call themselves an American? - What does Democracy mean? - Equality? Who gets to call themselves free? - Who gets to enforce all these questions? - What are the sources of American identity? 01/16 Reconstruction Lincoln : Lincoln was consumed by the idea of Reconstruction and he was concerned that the U.S could even survive Recon. - There were emissaries coming for G.B to the South to see what they could do there - Lincoln was also worried about Spain (lost territories not long before) – the South could form alliance with Spain and Spain could reclaim territories like Texas and New Mexico etc. - No democracy had ever been recreated Lee : In 1861, Robert E. Lee was offered to be Commander of Union forces and accepts as long as Virginia stays in the Union. Soon after Virginia leaves the Union and he accepts the spot of General of Confederate forces. sovereignty : state identity; state’s rights What to do with a conquered nation? - Crush the South, strip it of all economics, everything? - Make it a colony? - REHABBBB! Make the South part of the Union again. “is vs. are” : Lincoln had to make the United States seem unified so there was a switch in language; “are” meaning we are a group of states and “is” as a whole (which is what we are referred to know) expanded presidential powers - banking - currency - taxes and tariffs Lincoln decided that the office of the President had the authority to do Reconstruction. His biggest problem was how to raise money to finance a war. He has to do some things that people aren’t gunna like. - sets up a truly functioning National Bank - sets up a national common currency (in the Union mostly) - took over the raising of taxes and collecting of tariffs (had been left up to the states to do)
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Ten Percent Plan – Dec 1863 : Lincoln issues the 10% Plan refers to 10% of the people who voted in the 1860 Presidential election (in any given Southern state) could take an oath to uphold the Union and allegiance than that state could be readmitted to the Union. : The Emancipation Proclamation: in 1863 didn’t really do too much for Slaves (said that you were free… when we got there to free you) - most Southerners were not upset at the idea of freeing slaves (some were already free) but were upset at the implication of what they were to do with them - they were given American citizenship - citizenship implies that you will someday have the right to vote citizenship : 1860’s = citizenship was not automatically assigned at birth and was given the states; people who could call themselves citizens were white men and women; certain Supreme Court decisions that said that African and Native Americans were not citizens suffrage (right to vote) : the number of people that could vote was determined by
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 315 L taught by Professor Allison during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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History Test 1 - History Test 1 01/14 Main issues 1 What is the relation between the federal government and the individual American citizen 2

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