Psych Book Review Test 2

Psych Book Review Test 2 - TIPS FOR STUDYING SIEGLER ET AL....

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T IPS FOR S TUDYING S IEGLER ET AL NNUAL EDITIONS : E XAM T WO Read everything in the assigned chapters. You will be tested over the following concepts and passages. Entire passages are indicated by italics. C HAPTER S IX : Components of Language 1. Phonological development – the acquisition of knowledge about the sound system of the language; phonemes: the elementary units of sound used to produce language and distinguish meaning 2. Semantic development – learning the system for expressing meaning in a language including word learning; morphemes: constitute words and composed of 1 or more phonemes 3. Syntactic development – learning the grammar of a language; syntax: set of rules for the language which specifies how words from different categories (nouns, verbs, etc.) can be combined 4. Pragmatic development – involves acquiring knowledge of how language is used, involves understanding a variety of conversational conventions, such as a tone of voice for a question or command and such 5. Metalinguistic knowledge – an understanding of the properties and function of language – that is, an understanding of language as language Critical periods: What are the sources of evidence supporting a critical period? - The “Wild Child” – Victor and Genie were both severely stunted because of communication deprivation - Adults, who are well beyond the critical period, are more likely to suffer permanent language impairment from brain damage than are children, presumably because other areas of the young brain are able to take over language functions - Studies of adults who learned a 2 nd language at different ages – people who learned English at 4 years and later showed less left-hemisphere localization of those aspects of brain organization related to grammatical processing in English than did people who leaned the language at a younger age - Behavioral Study of Chinese and Korean immigrants who had come to U.S – knowledge of certain fine points of English grammar was related to the age at which the individuals were first exposed to English, not to the total length of their exposure Categorical perception: Eimas et al. study of young infants - Study of 1- and 4- month old babies with a pacifier hooked up to a computer - After hearing the same sound repeatedly, the babies sucking gradually declines. Then a new sound was played, if the babies sucking increased, it could be inferred that they could discriminate between the new sound and old sound. o Group 1 – Different adult phonemic categories - /b/ to /p/ o Group 2 – Same adult phonemic category – adults would perceive them both as /b/ The infants increased their rate of sucking when the new sound came from a different phonemic category Developmental changes in speech perception - By the end of the first year, a babies speech perception is similar to that of their parents. -
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSY 304 taught by Professor Repp during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Psych Book Review Test 2 - TIPS FOR STUDYING SIEGLER ET AL....

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