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Unformatted text preview: March 6, 2008 Evolution and Sexuality • Gender differences in sexual behavior reflect the desire to pass on one’s genes o Men – frequent sex maximizes number of offspring o Females – more restrictive sexual behavior; successfully raise offspring to maturity • Evolution can explain mate preferences o Men attracted to youthfulness fertility → o Females attracted to wealth, power security → • Problems with evolutionary approach: o Start with an effect and come up with explanation (hindsight bias) o Difficult to determine casualty (can’t assign certain people to evolve, while others do not) o Cannot account for differences across culture or changes in short periods of time (e.g., beauty) o Used to justify stereotypes and lack of behavioral control Conformity I • Conformity : a change in behavior or beliefs as a result of real or imagined social pressure (acting differently than you would alone) o Ex. Behavior at sporting events Three types: • Compliance : publicly acting in accord with social pressure while privately disagreeing o Gain reward or avoid punishment •...
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