Exam3Study Guide comp

Exam3Study Guide comp - Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology...

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Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology (Chapters 9-11 and 15) Stages of memory Sensory memory o The immediate, initial recording of sensory information in the memory system Working memory o Focuses more on the processing of briefly stored information Long-term memory o The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system Short-term memory o Activated memory that holds a few items briefly (7+ 2) Explicit memory o Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and declare Implicit memory o Retention independent of conscious recollection Recall o Measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier (short answer) Recognition o Measure of memory in which the person has only to identify items previously learned (multiple choice) Relearning o Memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material a second time Priming o Activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory Forgetting o Is an encoding failure if the information never enters the long-term memory o Forgetting can result from failure to retrieve information from long-term memory o Learning some items may disrupt retrieval of other information Proactive interference o Disruptive effect of prior learning on recall of new information (forward acting) Retroactive interference o Disruptive effect of new learning on recall of old information (backwards acting) Cognitive psychology o Studies the mental activities of concept formation, problem solving, decision making and judgment formation Algorithm
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Exam3Study Guide comp - Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology...

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