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A composite with uni-directional ber reinforcement is made using two
unknown constituent materials, Material A which is the ber and material B
which is the reinforcement. The elastic modulus of material A is 150 GPa and
the elastic modulus of material B is 10 GPa. ' If material A is 40% of the
overall composite by volume, determine the elastic modulus along the
direction of the bers. In addition determine the elastic modulus
perpendicular to the main axis of the bers. - '
2.
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OTISWIO Describe what is meant by the phrase 'critical ber length'. Explain what
happens if the ber is longer than the critical length and what happens if the
fiber is shorter than the critical length.
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When in use, a shing rod can be approximated to act as a cantilevered beam.
Assume that the force (P) is applied to the end of the beam by a sh while the other
end of the beam is rigidly held by the sherman. The defamation (A) of the mod is
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given by the following equation: A = E] . Assume that the length ofthe rod is
xed (i.e., can not be changed) and the cross section ofie rod is square. The
dimensions ofthe cross section can be varied to answer the questions below but the
section must remain square. You Should assume the behave as a linearly
elastic material.
3) Develop an equation that determines the mass of the shing rods in terms of the
material properties (e. g., elastic modulus and dimension. , section geometry (e.g.,
cross sectional. length and length), and the design inputs (e.g., load and
deformation).
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b) Using the data below, detennine which of the materials shouid be used if we
wanted to make the lightest rod. assuming that all the rods have the same stiness
c) Using the data "below, determine which ofthe materials should be used if we
wanted to make the most economic rod assuming that all the rods have the same
stiiaess
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A shing rod. is formed from a composite material of 0.5 kg of glass bers embedded
in a matrix of 0.5 kg of epoxy resin. The glass bers are assumed to belong,
continuous and unidirectional. To achieve a greater stiffness it is proposed to use a
di'erent composite that is comprised of long continuous carbon bers that will be .
embedded in. a matrix of 0.5 kg of epoxy resin. If the modulus of elasticity ofthe
carbon ber composite is 10% greater than the elastic modulus of the glass ber
composite, estimate the mass of carbon bers that will be used to make the carbon
ber composite. Assume the applied tensile stress is parallel to the direction of the
tong axis of the bers. The epoxy resin, glass ber, and carbon. ber have an elastic
modulus of 5, 86, and 350 GPa respectively and a density of 1100, 2500, and 1800
respectively.
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A rod made of composite material is placed between rigid-8119mm (TmS could be
State two potential advantages of coating bers before using them in a composite.
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gimiiar to a frp composite bridge deck). At 250 the nod ts perfectly behwecn the
rigid supports and there is no stress in the system. What temperature would the
composite need to be cooicd to in order for the composite to crack if it has a
coefcient ofthonnal expansion of20x10'6 mlmm/C, a $trength of 20 ksi, and an
eiastic modulus of 10,000 ksi. Assume the composite behaves as a linear elastic
materéal. ...

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