Religion 122 Notes

Religion 122 Notes - Religion 122 January 28, 2008 Reviewed...

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Religion 122 January 28, 2008 Reviewed basic features of Judaism – basic convictions that all Jews subscribe to, monotheism, the covenant relationship with God, the authority of the Torah, sacred space in the Temple. Took note of some of the diverse forms that Judaism took, because of these common convictions. Today we will move on to two topics to understanding early Christianity. Eschatology (Eschata + ology) Messianism Eschatology – According to the Jewish perspective, God is the creator and ruler of the world that he is active within history, both to reveal himself and to accomplish his purposes for the creation. And because of this conviction, Judaism did not regard the world as static and forever the same. For the Jew, history is a dynamic process. Jewish thought encompass a regard for the past where Israel had gotten to know God and a lively anticipation of the future in which god would act to advance and to fulfill his purpose. Eschata – late things. Ology – knowledge of/study of Expectation about the future accomplishment of God’s purpose for the world. It was a developing aspect of Jewish thought. It underwent certain changes with the passage of time and changes in circumstance. Have its roots in ancient Israelite prophesy. Amos/Hosea/Isaiah/ Jeremiah. They constantly talked about what the future would bring. A common misconception about the prophets was that they were primarily predictors of the future. The prophets were men of their own times whose messages were directly relevant to their own contemporary. They were all rooted in the old covenant traditions of Israel and they sought to make clear what the claims of the covenant were and how they related to present circumstances. As a result, the prophets were acute critics of the social, political conditions of their own day. They exerted the Israelite nation to be faithful to god. Whatever happened in the future was contingent on Israel’s response in the present. Faithfulness would bring gods blessing and favor. Disobedience would bring misfortune. Whatever God did in the future depended on what Israel did in the present. The classical prophets of Israel saw the future as something ongoing and open- ended. The divine purpose of Israel would be worked out within the historical process. The prophets had no concept of the end of history or end of the world. They never surrendered belief in god’s sovereign power over his creation. In the Judaism of the post- exilic period, a new perspective emerged and it stood in contrast to the old ideas. Israel was overrun by the Babylonian empire in 586 BCE. The Jewish people found themselves oppressed by one great empire by another. From the fifth century BCE to the first century, the Jews were victims of persecution. Injustice seemed to be the rule. Evil seemed to be in control. IN these circumstances, the old prophetic hope seemed increasingly unattaintable. History seemed to stand in opposition to God, seemed to resist the divine purpose at every turn. To put it briefly, post biblical Judaism was
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course RELC 122 taught by Professor Gamble during the Spring '08 term at UVA.

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Religion 122 Notes - Religion 122 January 28, 2008 Reviewed...

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