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Study Guide: Answer Key Chapter 14: Nonadaptive Evolution and Speciation Urban Evolution: How cities are altering the fate of species Driving Question 1:What is a gene pool?Why should you care? Test Your Vocabulary: Match the following definitions to the terms they describe: [POPULATION GENETICS] The study of the genetic makeup of populations and how the genetic composition of a population changes [GENE POOL] The total collection of alleles in a population [ALLELE FREQUENCY] The relative proportion of an allele in a population [NONADAPTIVE EVOLUTION] Any change in allele frequency that does not by itself lead a population to become more adapted to its environment; the mechanisms of nonadaptive evolution are mutation, genetic drift, and gene flow 1.Define “gene pool.”a.What is a gene pool? b.Can different populations of the same organism have different gene pools? Why or why not? c. Can you swim in a gene pool?
2.Relate gene pool and allele frequencies to evolution.a.For evolution to occur, what must happen to a population’s gene pool? b.Will a change in allele frequencies always result in a beneficial evolutionary change for the population? Review Questions

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