Americas-History-Chapter-13-Video-Guide (1).pdf - lydia p...

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Unformatted text preview: lydia p Name: ___________________________________________ America’s History: Chapter 13 Video Guide Big Idea Guided Notes Areas of Concern Questions Manifest Destiny: South and North › “Manifest Destiny” god-given right to expand from coast to coast › ____________________________________________________ › Coined by John O’Sullivan › Oregon: › Joint Occupation with Britain 54¨40´ or fight › “___________________________!” 49th › Eventually, the US and Britain settle on the ___________ parallel What is a › California: mission in missions › Part of Mexico – series of ___________________ California? › Indians on the Great Plains: bison › Somewhat sedentary – hunted __________________ weapons › European ____________________ transformed life on the Plains › The Election of 1844 (Video in Description): › Polk fully supports annexation › TX is annexed via a joint resolution in February 1845, admitted into the country in December feared › Henry Clay and some Whigs resisted expansion – ____________ What else tensions over slavery ____________________________________________________ besides weapons helped War, Expansion, and Slavery 1846 -­‐ 1850 transform live for Natives on › Mexican-­‐American War: the Great › Slidell Mission – Polk sent John Slidell to buy CA and NM for $30 Plains? refused to meet with him million, Mexico ________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ › Boundary issue: rio grande › TX claimed the ___________________________, Mexico nueces claimed to the ___________________ River › Conscience Whigs – those that opposed the war on moral ______________ grounds › “Mexico will poison us” -­‐ Emerson › ***Wilmot Proviso*** › David Wilmot (D – NY) › Introduced an amendment to a bill stating slavery would _NOT _____ exist in any land gained from mexico _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ house › Passed the ____________________ (more population in North), senate but NOT the ___________________ › Free-­‐Soil Party: › Were against the extension of slavery into territories – took jobs from whites away ____________________________________ free labor, free soil, free men › “___________________________________________________” › Election of 1848: › General Zachary Taylor wins (Whig) › Gold Rush: What does Popular Sovereignty mean? Did you watch the Gadsden Purchase skit? If not, you’re missing out on some serious laughs…. What were three parts of the MO Compromise? › John Sutter’s mills 49ers › ____________________ › Mostly men – population increases from 14,000 to 220,000 in 4 years › Many Mexicans and Californios were _forced _________ off their lands › Compromise of 1850: (5 parts) popular sovereignty › _________________________________ in the Mexican Cession › California is admitted as a _free ___________ state (free states have senate an advantage in the ___________________) fugitive slave law › More strict ______________________________________ (most divisive part of Compromise) › Slave trade is outlawed in _DC ___________ › Texas paid money to relinquish some land in dispute The End of the Second Party System, 1850 -­‐ 1858 › Impact of the Fugitive Slave Act: personal liberty laws › **_______________________________________________**: › Laws passed by Northern states that barred involvement in returning runaway slaves › The Wisconsin state supreme court declared the Fugitive Slave increased tensions Act unconstitutional – _________________________________ › End of the Whigs: › With the deaths of Clay and Webster (1852) the Whigs disappear › Pierce’s Presidency (elected in 1852) › Ostend Manifesto: › Plan to buy _cuba _____________ from Spain, if they refused, US would take it by force cuba a slave state › Fear of making _________________________________ › Gadsden Purchase: › Jimmy Fallon “Gadsden Purchase” › US (Secretary of War -­‐ Jefferson Davis) buys land from transcontintental RR _____________________________________________ › Kansas – Nebraska Act (1854) › Response to Gadsden Purchase, north wanted RR › Proposed popular sovereignty in _nebraska _________________ Territory overturned › __________________________________ MO Compromise › Presumably, KS would be slave, NB would be free Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Triumph, 1858 – 1860 › Lincoln’s early life: › Married Mary Todd – from Lexington, KY – knew _henry ___________ clay ___________________! american colonization › Shared beliefs with the _________________________________ society ____________________________________________________ › Lincoln-­‐Douglas Debates: › 7 debates for the Senate seat in Illinois douglas › ______________ (D) wins, but alienates the South in the process › Lincoln emerges on a national level › “Freeport Doctrine”: if a territory wanted to, it could keep split democratic party slavery out – __________________________________________ › John Brown and Harpers Ferry: slave rebellion › Hoped to incite a _______________________________ › Many southerners felt that North and Republican Party was filled with “John Browns” › Election of 1860: › Lincoln wins without receiving a single electoral vote from the south ________________ secession › _____________________________ begins Quick Recap manifest destiny › ___________________________________________________________ mexican-american war › ___________________________________________________________ free soil platform › ___________________________________________________________ compromise of 1850 › ___________________________________________________________ kansas-nebraska act and ¨bleeding kansas¨ › ___________________________________________________________ dred scott › ___________________________________________________________ election of 1860 › ___________________________________________________________ ...
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