SOC 1113 review

SOC 1113 review - I Deviance Crime and Social Control 1...

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I. Deviance, Crime, and Social Control 1. Deviance-behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and norms. 2. Crime-behavior that violates laws. 3. Social Control-is the process by which groups and individuals within those groups are brought into conformity with dominant social expectations. Use of sanctions to induce conformity. A. Types of crime a. Interpersonal crime-are violent or non-violent crimes directed against people. b. Organized-crime committed by structured groups typically involving the provision of illegal goods and services to others. c. White Collar Crime-when a leader of a company commits a crime. Example-CEO embezzles money into his account d. Corporate Crime-wrongdoing that occurs within the context of a formal organization or bureaucracy and is actually sanctioned by the norms and operating principles of the bureaucracy. B. Types of Sanctions a. Positive Sanctions-praise b. Negative Sanctions-reprimand c. Formal-Graduation Ceremonies d. Informal-Criminal Justice System C. Relativity, Functions, and Medicalization of Deviance a. Relativity- behavior that is deviant in one circumstance may be normal in another. Varies over time and society b. Functions-moral boundaries, solidarity, jobs, and social change. c. Medicalization of deviance- Commonly people will say that someone who commits a very deviant act is “sick”. This common explanation is what sociologists call the medicalization of deviance. D. Theories of Deviance a. Functionalism-Social disorganization: community breakdown causes crime. Social Strain: Anomie causes crime. Gap between cultural goals and means of attaining them. Social Bond: weakened social ties cause crime. b. Conflict Theory-Focus on rule makers not rule breakers. The law is a tool of the ruling class. c. Symbolic Interactionism-Differential association: Criminal behavior is learned. Labeling Theory: Stigma of 1
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punishment leads to more crime.*We create more crime by punishment. E. Goals of Punishment
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 1113 taught by Professor Webb during the Fall '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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SOC 1113 review - I Deviance Crime and Social Control 1...

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