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• Synecdoche involves substitution of the
part for the whole, or the whole for the
• whereas metonymy involves substitution
of the name of one thing for that of another
closely associated with it. synecdoche
• The birds sang to welcome the smiling
• The smiling year indicates spring, or
• (the whole ---- the part, synecdoche)
• They counted fifty sails in the harbor.
• Sails really means ships.
• (part ---- the whole, synecdoche) synecdoche
The case was defended by elo1quent lips.
Two heads are better than one.
She is another Madam Curie.
Many hands make light work. synecdoche
• He paid the workers $5 per head.
The legs could hardly keep up with the tanks.
Give us this day our daily bread.
They say there is bread and work for all.
All hands on deck.
Return to her? No, I rather abjure all roofs and
choose to be a comrade with the wolf and owl…
• Australia beat Canada at cricket.
• Then he cut me open and took out the
appendix and stitched me up again.
• They came to live under the same roof.
• There is a mixture of the tiger and the ape
in the character of a Frenchman.
• (ferocity and shrewdness) synecdoche
• He walked the boards for a living.
She was dressed in silks and satins.
(dresses made of silk and satin)
Cotton suits you.
(garments made of cotton)
All the wit and learning of the world were
• (wise and learned scholars) paradox 《《《《《《 • A paradox is a figure of speech consisting
of a statement or proposition which on the
face of it seems self-contradictory, absurd
or contrary to established fact or practice,
• but which on further thinking and study
may prove to be true, well-founded, and
even to contain a succinct point. paradox
• Cowards die many times before their
• The valiant never taste of death but
• 矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛…… paradox
• Yet, those who have eyes apparently see
little. The panorama of color and action
which fills the world is taken for granted.
• (Helen Keller, Three Days to See)
• 矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛 paradox
• In fact, it appears that the teachers of
English teach English so poorly largely
because they tea...
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2012 for the course ENGLISH 201 taught by Professor Long during the Spring '12 term at Shanghai University.
- Spring '12