The skyscraper is highest but the foundation is

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Unformatted text preview: 《《《《 • Synecdoche involves substitution of the part for the whole, or the whole for the part, • whereas metonymy involves substitution of the name of one thing for that of another closely associated with it. synecdoche • The birds sang to welcome the smiling year. • The smiling year indicates spring, or springtime. • (the whole ---- the part, synecdoche) • They counted fifty sails in the harbor. • Sails really means ships. • (part ---- the whole, synecdoche) synecdoche • • • • • • • 矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛 矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛 矛矛矛矛矛 The case was defended by elo1quent lips. Two heads are better than one. She is another Madam Curie. Many hands make light work. synecdoche • • • • • • He paid the workers $5 per head. The legs could hardly keep up with the tanks. Give us this day our daily bread. They say there is bread and work for all. All hands on deck. Return to her? No, I rather abjure all roofs and choose to be a comrade with the wolf and owl… (Shakespeare) synecdoche • Australia beat Canada at cricket. • Then he cut me open and took out the appendix and stitched me up again. • They came to live under the same roof. • There is a mixture of the tiger and the ape in the character of a Frenchman. • (ferocity and shrewdness) synecdoche • • • • • • • He walked the boards for a living. (the stage) She was dressed in silks and satins. (dresses made of silk and satin) Cotton suits you. (garments made of cotton) All the wit and learning of the world were assembled there. • (wise and learned scholars) paradox 《《《《《《 • A paradox is a figure of speech consisting of a statement or proposition which on the face of it seems self-contradictory, absurd or contrary to established fact or practice, • but which on further thinking and study may prove to be true, well-founded, and even to contain a succinct point. paradox • Caesar: • Cowards die many times before their deaths; • The valiant never taste of death but once… • 矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛…… paradox • Yet, those who have eyes apparently see little. The panorama of color and action which fills the world is taken for granted. • (Helen Keller, Three Days to See) • 矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛矛 paradox • In fact, it appears that the teachers of English teach English so poorly largely because they tea...
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2012 for the course ENGLISH 201 taught by Professor Long during the Spring '12 term at Shanghai University.

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