unit 10 - Advanced English Book One The Trial That Rocked...

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Advanced English Book One The Trial That Rocked the World By John Scopes
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The Trial That Rocked The World The Monkey Trial The Scopes Trial The State of Tennessee vs Scopes John Scopes Evolution Trial
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The Scopes/Monkey Trial The Scopes trial, also known as the “Monkey Trial,” is one of the most famous courtroom dramas in United States history. The press dubbed it the Monkey Trial because, according to popular belief, evolution meant that humans were descended from monkeys. Background Knowledge
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The Monkey Trial The early 1920's found social patterns in chaos. Traditionalists, the older Victorians, worried that everything valuable was ending. Younger modernists no longer asked whether society would approve of their behavior, only whether their behavior met the approval of their intellect. Intellectual experimentation flourished.
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The Americans danced to the sound of the Jazz Age, showed their contempt for alcoholic prohibition, and debated abstract art and Freudian theories. In response to the new social patterns set in motion by modernism, a wave of revivalism developed, becoming especially strong in the American South.
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In the summer of 1925, history was made in the small town of Dayton, Tennessee . The issue at hand was the "Butler Law," which forbid the teaching of evolution in public schools.
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PUBLIC ACTS OF THE STATE OF TENNESSEE PASSED BY THE SIXTY - FOURTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY 1925 CHAPTER NO. 27 House Bill No. 185 (By Mr. Butler)
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Synopsis of the Text Tennessee legislature had enacted a law (the Butler Act) in 1924 making it a crime to teach the theory of evolution in public schools because it contradicted the account of creation in the Bible. The following year, a high school biology teacher in Dayton, John Thomas Scopes (1900-1970), decided to test the law. He explained the theory to his class and was arrested and John Thomas Scopes
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The fledgling American Civil Liberties Union wanted to challenge the law's constitutionality and chose to test it with the trial of John Scopes, a young high-school math and gym teacher who briefly taught Darwinism as a substitute biology teacher. The quiet procedural matter exploded into a media carnival when two great lawyers arrived to argue the case. (John Scopes)
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Opening statements pictured the trial as a titanic struggle between good and evil or truth and ignorance. . Bryan claimed that “If evolution wins, Christianity goes.” . Darrow argued, "Scopes isn't on trial civilization is on trial. " Darrow examines Bryan
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Course The defense argued for the scientific validity of evolution and against the constitutionality of the Butler Act, but it did not deny that Scopes had broken the law. Darrow, in cross-examining Bryan, succeeded in pointing out several serious inconsistencies ( 矛矛 ) in Fundamentalist belief.
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Results Scopes was convicted and fined $100, but the verdict was later reversed on technical grounds by the state supreme court. The Butler Act remained on the books until 1967.
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unit 10 - Advanced English Book One The Trial That Rocked...

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