Conditioned Responses and Implicit Memory

Conditioned Responses and Implicit Memory - Annie Park...

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Annie Park Intro to Psychology V89.001 Fall 2011 Professor Edgar E. Coons Using the drug addict example of conditioned compensatory responses given in the text and class, explain how it is that the conditioned response often functions to prepare the organism for the unconditioned stimulus. In classical conditioning, an unconditioned stimulus elicits an innate unconditioned response. This unconditioned stimulus is then paired with a neutral stimulus that then acts as a signal for the unconditioned stimulus. This is why the optimal time for the acquisition of the conditioned response is if the neutral stimulus is paired with the unconditioned stimulus ½ a second ahead. The conditioned response is therefore a preparation for the unconditioned stimulus and separate from the unconditioned response. In the drug example, the drug is the unconditioned stimulus and the unconditioned response is the effect of the drug. Because the unconditioned response disrupts the body’s homeostasis, the body reacts by using its mechanisms to restore homeostasis. Also, because prevention is easier than clean up, the conditioned response, in preparation for the disruption of homeostasis, is the opposite of the unconditioned response, so, if the unconditioned response is to elevate the mood, than the conditioned response is to depress the mood. The conditioned stimulus is more complicated, it could be the environment, the sight of the needle or even the time of day.
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