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040108 - Lecture Notes Art in Renaissance synthesis of...

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04/01/08 Lecture Notes Art in Renaissance synthesis of Greek/Roman culture (Ancient Antiquity) and Christendom (Middle Ages) Florence as the new Athens (democratic republic) New Humanism—shift from religious values to secular values Donatello (1386-1466 A.C.) Donatello ’s “David” ca. 1428-40 A.C. After the long blackout in Middle Ages, it is the first freestanding statue (body figure) since Roman period The statue is meant for public display Both have lowered gazes—signs of mortality visual paradox / Christian narrative boy-like David v.s. monster-like Goliath nude David v.s. clothed Goliath flower (peace) v.s. the sword (violence) Verrochio, “David with the Head of Goliath” visual tension is less than Donatello’s David in the sense that David is clothed Christian narrative embedded in Greek/Roman form/shape - visual paradox, not realistic for example – the sword is too short Donatello “Gattamelata” (Erasmo di Narni) ca.1445.50 civil sculpture, a display of civic power of Florentine regime Harmonious objects
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