Lecture 201/31/2008Why start with the Creeksif we know that other peoples lived in that area before them?Minoans and Mycenaeans – not much is known about them. Lack of continuous history.Minoanswere situated on Crete and were predominantly a matriarchal society. They dominated the sea before the Greeks. Catastrophe on the island of Thera: a volcano erupted in 1628 BC. This affected most of the world and wiped out most of the surrounding shores, including Crete’s navy. The myth of Europa, the mother of Minoa. She is considered to be Phoenician and according to Greek legend she was stolen by Zeus disguised as a bull and was flown across the Mediterranean to Crete => A movement from the East to the West . The motif of stealing of women is very important in Greek mythology, as well as violence in general. Ancient Greek HistoryI Dark Ages (c.1100-776 B.C.)II Archaic Age (776-480 B.C.) – First Olympiad happened in 776. The polis (city-states) began to grow.
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