Lecture 11 - /06/08 Virgil celebrates the establishment of...

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Lecture 11 03/06/08 Virgil celebrates the establishment of Empire. (On the contrary, Horace, Virgil’s rival poet, moaned over the loss of the Republic.) First Triumvirate Defeat of Pompeii by Caesar (49 B.C.) Second Triumvirate – Caesar, Octavian, Mark Antony Political dimension in The Aeneid is very obvious. Augustus Caesar insisted that The Aeneid would be published after his death It helped consolidate the ideology of the empire It became important for all later national epics Latin became lingua franca (used by many peoples even if it’s not their native tongue) Most Europeans read The Aeneid as an important national epic The Iliad vs. The Aeneid Aeneas, like Achilles, is a half-divine figure He appeared in The Iliad as a prominent Trojan leader Aeneas bursts into tears looking at the painting – emotionality In The Iliad , Homer’s major motif for Aeneas is piety ( pietas in Greek) -> ambivalent image of Aeneas who doesn’t fight to the bitter end but chooses to save his elderly father
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Lecture 11 - /06/08 Virgil celebrates the establishment of...

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