2083294 - 2083294 Israel and Palestine The Conflict Of the...

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2083294 11/19/07 Israel and Palestine: The Conflict Of the large number of internationally militaristic conflicts currently raging across the globe, the Israeli-Palestinian is one of the most multifaceted and complex. Israel asserts that one major condition of Palestinian sovereignty over any territory must be acceptance of mutual co- existence and elimination of terrorism by the Palestinians. The current policy of Israel, the United States, and the U.N., is to censure Hamas for its non-recognition of Israel and to assist and deal with President Abbas and Fatah in support of their stance in favor of recognition of Israel. This particular conflict can best be explained and examined most thoroughly through the lens of a Realist. The three main dynamics of Realism: statism, self-help, and survival are evident in the actions taken by Israel towards their use of force, also know as militarism, to solve problems in Palestine (Baylis and Smith 533). Statism is the term used to describe the Realist perspective that “…the state is the main actor and sovereignty is its distinguishing trait” (172). Max Weber’s definition of the state is “the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory” (172). Within this “given territory,” sovereignty means that the state has supreme authority to make and enforce laws (172). Israel exemplifies belief in this dynamic through its dealings with Palestine, especially with the terrorist group Hamas shown in the fact that “…security cooperation between the Abbas-led Authority and Israel has subsequently resumed, helped by Mr. Abbas’s establishment of a new West Bank caretaker government that excludes Hamas. Israel considers Hamas a terrorist organization and refuses to deal with it” (September 26 A8). According to Israel’s state-centric ideals, Hamas does not accurately represent, “the collective will of the people” (Baylis 163) and therefore there is no reason to deal with it. Though Palestine is not
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technically a “state” because it does not have sovereignty nor is its government formerly recognized by most states, Israel does distinguish it as one mostly due to their need for dealings with reducing the bombings and terrorist actions by Hamas in the Gaza Strip. Self-help, the second important dynamic in Realism, states that “…states cannot assume
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2083294 - 2083294 Israel and Palestine The Conflict Of the...

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