Liberalism and Poverty

Liberalism and Poverty - 2083294 Liberalism and Poverty...

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2083294 Liberalism and Poverty
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2083294 10/24/07 Liberalism and Poverty Of the many American campaign issues and global problems plaguing the world today, three of the most prominent and pressing are poverty, gender issues, and human rights. These problems are all important in their own way, but using either a Realist or Liberalist perspective, one is more important than the rest. In the case Liberalism, this would be poverty. The four main and most vital points in a Liberalist perspective are that: First, all citizens are juridically equal and possess certain basic rights to education, access to a free press, and religious toleration. Second, the legislative assembly of the state possesses only the authority invested in it by the people, whose basic rights it is not permitted to abuse. Third, a key dimension of the liberty of the individual is the right to own property including productive forces. Fourth, Liberalism contends that the most effective system of economic exchange is one that is largely market driven and not one that is subordinate to bureaucratic regulation and control either domestically or internationally (Baylis and Smith186). These four points, along with some key concepts of Liberalism, demonstrate that out of the aforementioned three issues, a Liberalist would agree that poverty is the most critical and significant issue of the 21 st century. A Liberalist’s beliefs in progress through cooperation, the power of democracy, and the importance of multinational corporations and groups show that their values would make poverty matter the most to them (200). Liberalism is a normative theory. Normative is the belief that theories should be concerned with what ought to be, rather than merely diagnosing what is (186). Liberalists believe in progress through cooperation because humans are perfectible (200). In Chapter 29 of Baylis
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Liberalism and Poverty - 2083294 Liberalism and Poverty...

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