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Unformatted text preview: Exam 3 Vocabulary 06/12/2007 21:53:00 Chapter 10: States and Empires in Asia and Africa Mesopotamia- the flat plain between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in southern Iraq where the worlds first civilization developed Terracotta- a hard, brown-orange earthenware clay of fine quality, often used for architectural decorations, figurines, etc. Monochrome- one color; describing pottery decorated with only one color that contrasts with the underlying color of the paste of the vessel Tholoi- ancient Mesopotamian round structures that often were attached to a rectangular antechamber or annex, resulting in a keyhole shape Seal stamp- a piece of inscribed stone used by administrators to impress a symbol on wet pieces of clay or bitumen in order to keep track of goods Ziggurat- a large pyramid in Mesopotamia consisting of many stepped levels Pantheon- the officially recognized gods of a people Carnelian- a red or reddish variety of chalcedony (a translucent variety of quartz) used in jewelry Scapulimancy- the ancient practice of seeking knowledge by reading cracks on bones. Symbols were written on an animals scapula (shoulder blade); the bone was heated until a series of cracks formed; then diviners interpreted the pattern of cracking to foretell the future Soapstone- a soft stone with a soapy feel that is easy to carve, often referred to as steatite Bulla- a hollow clay sphere on envelope used to enclose clay tokens in ancient Mesopotamia Cuneiform- a writing system of ancient Mesopotamia involving a series of wedge-shaped marks to convey a message of text Intaglio- an engraving in stone or other hard material that is depressed below the surface; an impression of the design produces an image in relief Chlorite- a kind of green stone that resembles mica Serpentine- a stone of dull green color that often has a mottled appearance Pipal tree- a species of fig tree on the South Asian subcontinent that has had sacred significance for many cultures and religions throughout the region for thousands of years Papyrus- a tall marsh plant, or reed, of the Nile Valley that the ancient Egyptians cut into strips and pressed into a kind of paper to write on Porphyry- a igneous rock with visible quartz or feldspar crystals embedded in a finer-grained base Necropolis- cemetery Wadi- a dry steambed Nome- a geographic province incorporated with the ancient Egyptian state Shaduf- an Egyptian bucket-and-lever lifting device that enables one to raise water a few feet from a well or ditch into fields and gardens...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANTH 0582 taught by Professor Hanks during the Fall '07 term at Pittsburgh.
- Fall '07