Review for Exam 3

Review for Exam 3 - Exam 3 Vocabulary 06/12/2007 21:53:00...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Exam 3 Vocabulary 06/12/2007 21:53:00 Chapter 10: States and Empires in Asia and Africa Mesopotamia- the flat plain between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in southern Iraq where the worlds first civilization developed Terracotta- a hard, brown-orange earthenware clay of fine quality, often used for architectural decorations, figurines, etc. Monochrome- one color; describing pottery decorated with only one color that contrasts with the underlying color of the paste of the vessel Tholoi- ancient Mesopotamian round structures that often were attached to a rectangular antechamber or annex, resulting in a keyhole shape Seal stamp- a piece of inscribed stone used by administrators to impress a symbol on wet pieces of clay or bitumen in order to keep track of goods Ziggurat- a large pyramid in Mesopotamia consisting of many stepped levels Pantheon- the officially recognized gods of a people Carnelian- a red or reddish variety of chalcedony (a translucent variety of quartz) used in jewelry Scapulimancy- the ancient practice of seeking knowledge by reading cracks on bones. Symbols were written on an animals scapula (shoulder blade); the bone was heated until a series of cracks formed; then diviners interpreted the pattern of cracking to foretell the future Soapstone- a soft stone with a soapy feel that is easy to carve, often referred to as steatite Bulla- a hollow clay sphere on envelope used to enclose clay tokens in ancient Mesopotamia Cuneiform- a writing system of ancient Mesopotamia involving a series of wedge-shaped marks to convey a message of text Intaglio- an engraving in stone or other hard material that is depressed below the surface; an impression of the design produces an image in relief Chlorite- a kind of green stone that resembles mica Serpentine- a stone of dull green color that often has a mottled appearance Pipal tree- a species of fig tree on the South Asian subcontinent that has had sacred significance for many cultures and religions throughout the region for thousands of years Papyrus- a tall marsh plant, or reed, of the Nile Valley that the ancient Egyptians cut into strips and pressed into a kind of paper to write on Porphyry- a igneous rock with visible quartz or feldspar crystals embedded in a finer-grained base Necropolis- cemetery Wadi- a dry steambed Nome- a geographic province incorporated with the ancient Egyptian state Shaduf- an Egyptian bucket-and-lever lifting device that enables one to raise water a few feet from a well or ditch into fields and gardens...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANTH 0582 taught by Professor Hanks during the Fall '07 term at Pittsburgh.

Page1 / 13

Review for Exam 3 - Exam 3 Vocabulary 06/12/2007 21:53:00...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online