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Logic 9-18

# Logic 9-18 - Logic Presentation Philosophy of the Human...

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Logic Presentation Philosophy of the Human Person September 18, 2007

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Arguments and Non-arguments Arguments are central to philosophy and logic. Now that we have identified the central components of arguments (premises and conclusions), we need to determine when a collection of statements does or does not form an argument. In particular, we need to distinguish arguments from other modes of discourse that are commonly confused with arguments.
Arguments and Non-arguments Our text book discusses a variety of different passages that are not arguments. E.g.: warnings pieces of advise statements of belief expository passages reports illustrations We will focus on two other types of passages that are non-argumentative, but that nonetheless are sometimes difficult to distinguish from arguments. These are: conditionals and explanations .

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Conditionals One common form of speech that is often confused with an argument is a conditional . Conditionals are statements expressible in the general form: “If…then…” Example: If Billy wins the lottery, then he will buy an island. Of course, conditionals needn’t be expressed with the words “if” and “then.” For example: Billy will win the lottery only if he buys a ticket. Given that it rains tomorrow, the grass will be wet.
Conditionals Here is an example of a conditional: “If the Twins don’t make the playoffs, many people in Minnesota will be sad.” And here is an argument: “The Twins are not going to make the playoffs.

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Logic 9-18 - Logic Presentation Philosophy of the Human...

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