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Unformatted text preview: SECTION III People Jacob Riis • “How the Other Half Lives” o Photojournalistic study about the poor conditions of the slums in NYC. i.e. Immigrants sewing in attic and prayer in orphanage o Social commentary, or muckraking , that stirred public sentiment o Understood pictures were more powerful than words Theodore Roosevelt • Coined the term “muckraking” • Criticized excesses of investigative journalism • Used term to attack magazine journalists who lacked the optimism he saw as beneficial to the country • Wrote the article “American Woman as a Mother” in The Journal o Criticized lack of discipline in children o Men who aren’t good husbands/fathers o And women who “lost her sense of duty and is sunk in vapid self-indulgence” o Believed good morals at home lead to a moral and disciplined nation Sam McClure • Began McClure’s Magazine in 1893 muckraking magazine in early 1900’s o Magazine is credited with initiating muckraking magazines • Said he said no plan for muckraking but that he was publishing what he believed the people were interested in • Differentiated between good and bad entrepreneurs/millionaires Ida Tarbell • One of the senior writers for McClure’s magazine • Wrote 18 part exposé on Standard Oil company o Optimistic about American democracy and hoped to encourage it by not letting big business and monopoly control the economics or politics of the country • 1/3 McClure writers credited with helping bring about muckraking journalism • Focused of capitalists conspiring to break law Lincoln Steffens • Hired to work for McClures Magazine in 1902. • He was originally working as the city editor of the New York Commercial Advertiser. • Steffens teamed up with Tarbell and Baker and these three along with Samuel McClure deserve the credit for initiating muckraking. • Focused on the disgrace of city governments dominated by boss rule Ray S. Baker (Not on study guide) • Third influential writer for McClure’s with Steffens and Tarbell • Focused on unions purposefully keeping nonunion men from working Frank Munsey • Started Munsey’s magazine....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course JOUR 3000 taught by Professor Volz during the Spring '08 term at Missouri (Mizzou).
- Spring '08
- Pilgrim's Progress