Fundamentals_of_Abnormal_Psychology_6e_Ch04

But then they noted an interesting difference after a

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Unformatted text preview: he movies. Snow—chionophobia Speed—tachophobia Spiders—arachnophobia Stings—cnidophobia Strangers—xenophobia Sun—heliophobia Surgery—ergasiophobia Ghosts—phasmophobia Teeth—odontophobia God—theophobia Travel—hodophobia Graves—taphophobia Trees—dendrophobia Heat—thermophobia Machinery—mechanophobia Wasps—spheksophobia Heights—acrophobia Marriage—gamophobia Water—hydrophobia Homosexuality—homophobia Meat—carnophobia Wind—anemophobia Horses—hippophobia Mice—musophobia Worms—helminthophobia Ice, frost—cryophobia Mirrors—eisoptrophobia Wounds, injury—traumatophobia Insects—entomophobia Money—chrometrophobia (VAN WAGNER, 2007; MELVILLE, 1978) found that both groups learned to fear the intended objects after repeated shock pairings. But then they noted an interesting difference: After a short shock-free period, the persons who had learned to fear faces and houses stopped registering high GSRs in the presence of those objects, while the persons who had learned to fear snakes and spiders continued to show high GSRs in response to them for a long while. One interpretation is that animals and insects are stronger candidates for human phobias than faces or houses. ComFun6e_Ch04_C!.indd 111 12/10/09 11:16:17 AM 112 ://CHAPTER 4 BETWEEN THE LINES Famous People, Famous Fears Napoleon Bonaparte Cats << Where might such predispositions to fear come from? According to some theorists, the predispositions have been transmitted genetically through an evolutionary process. Among our ancestors, the ones who more readily acquired fears of animals, darkness, heights, and the like were more likely to survive long enough to reproduce and to pass on their fear inclinations to their offspring (Ohman & Mineka, 2003; Mineka & Ohman, 2002). Johnny Depp Clowns, spiders, ghosts << Justin Timberlake Snakes << How Are Phobias Treated? Queen Elizabeth I Roses << Billy Bob Thornton Antique furniture << Edgar Allan Poe Enclosed places << Harry Houdini Enclosed places << Adolf Hitler Enclosed places << Surveys reveal that 19 percent of individuals with specific phobias and almost 25 percent of those with social phobia are currently in treatment (Wang et al., 2005). Every theoretical model has its own approach to treating phobias, but behavioral techniques are more widely used than the rest, particularly for specific phobias. Research has shown such techniques to be highly effective and to fare better than other approaches in most head-to-head comparisons. Thus we shall focus primarily on the behavioral interventions. Nicole Kidman Butterflies << Treatments for Specific Phobias Specific phobias were among the first anxiety Howard Hughes Germs << Madonna Thunder << John Madden Air travel << Whoopi Goldberg Air travel << Aretha Franklin Air travel << Christina Ricci Houseplants << Cher Air travel << disorders to be treated successf...
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This note was uploaded on 01/07/2013 for the course PSY 270 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '05 term at University of Phoenix.

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