Fundamentals_of_Abnormal_Psychology_6e_Ch04

Comfun6ech04cindd 115 between the lines playlist

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: uations (Fisher et al., 2004). SUMMING UP Phobias A phobia is a severe, persistent, and unreasonable fear of a particular object, activity, or situation. There are three main categories of phobias: specific phobias, social phobias, and agoraphobia. Behavioral explanations of phobias, particularly specific phobias, are the most influential. Behaviorists believe that phobias are learned through classical conditioning or modeling, and then are maintained by avoidance behaviors. Specific phobias have been treated most successfully with behavioral exposure techniques. The exposure may be gradual and relaxed (desensitization), intense (flooding), or vicarious (modeling). Therapists who treat social phobias typically separate two features of this disorder: social fears and poor social skills. They try to reduce clients’ social fears by drug, exposure, group, or cognitive therapy—or a combination of these interventions. They may try to improve social skills by social skills training. ComFun6e_Ch04_C!.indd 115 BETWEEN THE LINES Playlist Anxiety Many individuals in today’s digital music world share music playlists, so it may not be surprising that researchers have observed that a growing number of people are experiencing “playlist anxiety”— intense concern about the image they are projecting through the music they make available to others. The problem is particularly common among college students and office workers. A respondent in one study disclosed, “I just went through my playlist and said, ‘I wonder what kind of image this is giving of me.’ I went through it to see if there was stuff that I would not like people to know I had.” << (Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2005; ZDNET, 2005) 12/10/09 11:16:22 AM 116 ://CHAPTER 4 table: jPanic Disorder 4-8 DSM Checklist PANIC DISORDER 1. Recurrent unexpected panic attacks. 2. A month or more of one of the following after at least one of the attacks. (a) Persistent concern about having additional attacks. (b) Worry about the implications or consequences of the attack. (c) Significant change in behavior related to the attacks. Based on APA, 2000. •panic attacks•Periodic, short bouts of panic that occur suddenly, reach a peak within minutes, and gradually pass. •panic disorder•An anxiety disorder marked by recurrent and unpredictable panic attacks. •agoraphobia•An anxiety disorder in which a person is afraid to be in places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or help unavailable if panic-like symptoms were to occur. ComFun6e_Ch04_C!.indd 116 Sometimes an anxiety reaction takes the form of a smothering, nightmarish panic in which people lose control of their behavior and, in fact, are practically unaware of what they are doing. Anyone can react with panic when a real threat looms up suddenly. Some people, however, experience panic attacks—periodic, short bouts of panic that occur suddenly, reach a peak within 10 minutes, and gradually pass. The attacks feature at least four of the following symptoms of panic:...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/07/2013 for the course PSY 270 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '05 term at University of Phoenix.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online