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In biological challenge tests, researchers produce hyperventilation or other biological sensations by administering drugs or by instructing clinical research participants 12/10/09 11:16:24 AM Anxiety Disorders :// 119 PSYCH WATCH
Panic: Everyone Is Vulnerable P Police and fire officials yesterday began
an investigation into how a fight in a
Chicago nightclub caused a stampede in
which 21 people were crushed to death.
Witnesses claimed a fight between two
women led to security guards using a pepper spray or mace to separate them early
yesterday morning. As the fumes caused a
panic, the fleeing clubbers found the rear
doors of the E2 club were chained shut,
forcing an estimated 1,500 people inside
to surge down a narrow stairwell as they
attempted to flee.
About 150 people, including two firefighters involved in the rescue operation,
were injured, at least ten of whom were in
critical condition last night. Eyewitnesses
described how a “mound of people” built
up on the stairs as they fled towards an
exit, with many trampled and suffocated in
the panic. Others passed out from the effect of the chemical fumes, it was claimed.
Cory Thomas, 33, who was waiting outside to collect two friends, said:
“People were stacking on top of each
other screaming and gagging. The door
got blocked because there were too many
people stacked up against it. I saw at
least ten lifeless bodies.” Others staggered from the building breathless and
incoherent. “Everybody smashed; people
crying, couldn’t breathe,” said one clubber, Reggie Clark. “Two ladies next to me
died. A guy under me passed out.” Tonita
Matthews, a young woman inside the Images
Tasos Katopodis/Getty eople with panic disorder are not
the only ones to experience panic. In
fact, many people panic when faced with
a threat that unfolds very rapidly. The following news report describes the crowd reaction and human stampede that occurred
at a trendy Chicago nightclub on February
17, 2003: club who tried to help the injured, said:
“People just died in my arms.” . . .
The incident occurred at about
2am . . . at E2, a dance club . . . in a
predominantly black district on Chicago’s
south side, which is famed for its nightclubs. The dance club is a popular latenight party spot, known for attracting rock
and rap stars. . . .
Most of those who died were killed at
the bottom of the main front door stairwell. Kristy Mitchell, 22, was one of those
rescued after falling on the stairway and
being trampled as the crowd continued
to pour over her. She said: “People were
stomping my legs. When they pulled me
up, I was dizzy and I couldn’t breathe.”
Another of those rescued, Lamont James,
said: “We heard the DJ say there was
a fight and that caused a panic. People
started heading for the corridor leading to
the exit. There were people on top of me,
people underneath me, people pressed up
against the wall. . . .
It was by far the worst fatal incident
of its kind in the US. In 1979, 11 people
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