Fundamentals_of_Abnormal_Psychology_6e_Ch04

Research indicates that relaxation training is more

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Unformatted text preview: AXATION TRAINING A nonchemical biological technique commonly used to treat generalized anxiety disorder is relaxation training. The notion behind this approach is that physical relaxation will lead to a state of psychological relaxation. In one version, therapists teach clients to identify individual muscle groups, tense them, release the tension, and ultimately relax the whole body. With continued practice, they can bring on a state of deep muscle relaxation at will, reducing their state of anxiety. Research indicates that relaxation training is more effective than no treatment or placebo treatment in cases of generalized anxiety disorder. The improvement it produces, however, tends to be modest (Leahy, 2004), and other techniques that are known to relax people, such as meditation, often seem to be equally effective (Bourne et al., 2004). Relaxation training is of greatest help to people with generalized anxiety disorder when it is combined with cognitive therapy or with biofeedback (Lang, 2004). 105 table: 4-4 Drugs That Reduce Anxiety Generic Name Trade Name Benzodiazepines Alprazolam Chlorazepate Chlordiazepoxide Clonazepam Diazepam Estazolam Halazepam Lorazepam Midazolam Oxazepam Prazepam Temazepam Xanax Tranxene Librium Klonopin Valium ProSom Paxipam Ativan Versed Serax Centrax Rostoril Others Buspirone Propranolol Atenolol BuSpar Inderal Tenormin Modern relaxation At the Brain Mind Gym, business executives receive pulsations of light and sound from goggles and headphones, which are meant to lull their brains into deep relaxation. Torin Boyd Photo, Tokyo, Japan Biological Treatments The leading biological treatment for generalized anxiety disorder is drug therapy (see Table 4-4). Other biological interventions are relaxation training and biofeedback. :// BIOFEEDBACK In biofeedback, therapists use electrical signals from the body to train people to control physiological processes such as heart rate or muscle tension. Clients are connected to a monitor that gives them continuous information about their bodily activities. By attending to the signals from the monitor, they may gradually learn to control even seemingly involuntary physiological processes. The most widely applied method of biofeedback for the treatment of anxiety uses a device called an electromyograph (EMG), which provides feedback about the level of muscular tension in the ComFun6e_Ch04_C!.indd 105 12/10/09 11:16:12 AM 106 ://CHAPTER 4 body. Electrodes are attached to the client’s muscles—usually the forehead muscles—where they detect the minute electried Convert cal activity that accompanies muscle tension (see Figure 4-3). fied Ampli yed The device then converts electric potentials coming from d ispla e D Receiv the muscles into an image, such as lines on a screen, or into Feedback a tone whose pitch changes along with changes in muscle tension. Thus clients “see” or “hear” when their muscles are becoming more or less tense. Through repeated trial and error, the individuals become skilled at voluntarily reducing muscle tension and, theoretically, at reducing...
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This note was uploaded on 01/07/2013 for the course PSY 270 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '05 term at University of Phoenix.

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