Fundamentals_of_Abnormal_Psychology_6e_Ch04

That was worse that was really hard much harder than

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: . . . . [Every] time, just as you said, I found myself retreating from people, I said to myself: ‘Now, even though you can’t see it, there must be some sentences. What are they?’ And I finally found them. And there were many of them! And they all seemed to say the same thing.” “What thing?” “That I, uh, was going to be rejected. . . . [If] I related to them I was going to be rejected. And wouldn’t that be perfectly awful if I was to be rejected. And there was no reason for me, uh, to take that, uh, sort of thing, and be rejected in that awful manner.” . . . 12/10/09 11:16:21 AM Anxiety Disorders “And did you do the second part of the homework assignment?” “The forcing myself to speak up and express myself ?” “Yes, that part.” :// 115 •social skills training•A therapy approach that helps people learn or improve social skills and assertiveness through role playing and rehearsing of desirable behaviors. “That was worse. That was really hard. Much harder than I thought it would be. But I did it.” “And?” “Oh, not bad at all. I spoke up several times; more than I’ve ever done before. Some people were very surprised. Phyllis was very surprised, too. But I spoke up.” . . . “And how did you feel after expressing yourself like that?” “Remarkable! I don’t remember when I last felt this way. I felt, uh, just remarkable— good, that is. It was really something to feel! But it was so hard. I almost didn’t make it. And a couple of other times during the week I had to force myself again. But I did. And I was glad!” (Ellis, 1962, pp. 202–203) Studies show that rational-emotive therapy and other cognitive approaches do indeed help reduce social fears (Rosenberg et al., 2010; Hollon et al., 2006). And these reductions typically persist for years. On the other hand, research also suggests that while cognitive therapy often reduces social fears, it does not consistently help people perform effectively in social settings. This is where social skills training has come to the forefront. HOW CAN SOCIAL SKILLS BE IMPROVED? In social skills training, therapists combine several behavioral techniques in order to help people improve their social skills. They usually model appropriate social behaviors for clients and encourage the individuals to try them out. The clients then role-play with the therapists, rehearsing their new behaviors until they become more effective. Throughout the process, therapists provide frank feedback and reinforce (praise) the clients for effective performances. Reinforcement from other people with similar social difficulties is often more powerful than reinforcement from a therapist alone. In social skills training groups and assertiveness training groups, members try out and rehearse new social behaviors with other group members. The group can also provide guidance on what is socially appropriate. According to research, social skills training, both individual and group formats, has helped many people perform better in social sit...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/07/2013 for the course PSY 270 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '05 term at University of Phoenix.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online