Fundamentals_of_Abnormal_Psychology_6e_Ch04

Pp 107108 112114 4 todays human participant research

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Unformatted text preview: e must have both a genetic predisposition and unfortunate conditioning experiences if they are to develop particular phobias. In the treatment realm, integration of the models is already on display for each of the anxiety disorders. Therapists have discovered, for example, that treatment is at least sometimes more effective when medications are combined with cognitive techniques to treat panic disorder and when medications are combined with cognitive-behavioral techniques to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Similarly, cognitive techniques are now often combined with relaxation training or biofeedback in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder—a treatment package known as a stress management program (Lee et al., 2007; Taylor, 2006). And treatment programs for social phobias often include a combination of medications, exposure therapy, cognitive therapy, and social skills training. For the millions of people who suffer from these various anxiety disorders, such treatment combinations are a welcome development. CRITICAL THOUGHTS 1. If fear is such an unpleasant experif fear u ence, why do many people enjoy ence, man and even seek out the feelings of and fear brought about by amusement ear about park rides, scary movies, bungee jumping, and other such experiences? pp. 95–96, 102, 103, 112 2. Why are antianxiety drugs so popular in today’s world? p. 105 3. Why do so many professional per3. Why do formers seem particularly prone formers to social anxiety? Wouldn’t their to social repeated exposure to audiences lead to a reduction in fear? pp. 107–108, 112–114 4. Today’s human-participant research review boards probably would not permit Watson and Rayner to con- duct their study on Little Albert. What concerns might they raise about the procedure? pp. 109–110 5. Can you think of instances when you instinctively tried a simple version of exposure and response prevention in order to stop behaving in certain ways? Were your efforts successful? p. 126 KEY TERM TERMS fear, p. 95 r, p. family pedigree study, p. 104 eralized generalized anxiety d order, p. 96 disorder, metacognitive and avoidance theories, pp. 100, 102 onditional positive gard, unconditional positive regard, p. 99 rational-emotive therapy, p. 102 client-centered therapy, p. 99 mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, p. 103 gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), p. 104 basic irrational assumptions, p. 100 ComFun6e_Ch04_C!.indd 130 benzodiazepines, p. 104 relaxation training, p. 105 12/10/09 11:16:38 AM Anxiety Disorders :// biofeedback, p. 105 social skills training, p. 115 specific phobia, p. 107 panic disorder, p. 116 exposure and response prevention, p. 126 social phobia, p. 108 agoraphobia, p. 116 neutralizing, p. 127 classical conditioning, p. 108 norepinephrine, p. 117 serotonin, p. 127 modeling, p. 109 locus ceruleus, p. 117 orbitofrontal cortex, p. 128 preparedness, p. 110 biological challenge test, p. 118 caudate nuclei, p. 128 exposure treatments, p. 112 anxiety sensitivity, p. 120 systematic desensitization, p. 112 131 obsessive-compulsive disorder, p. 121 QUICK QU QUICK QUIZ 1. What are the key principles in What the key nciples the sociocultural, psychodynamic, chodynamic, humanistic, cognitive, and biologiand biologihumanistic, cogni cal explanations cal explanations of generalized eneralized anxiety disorder? pp. 97–106 2. How effective have treatments been for generalized anxiety disorder? pp. 97–106 3. Define and compare the three kinds of phobias. pp. 107–108 4. How do behaviorists explain phobias? What evidence exists for these explanations? pp. 108–112 >> 5. Describe the three behavioral exposure techniques used to treat specific phobias. pp. 112–113 6. What are the two components of a social phobia, and how is each of them addressed in treatment? pp. 113–115 7. How do biological and cognitive theorists explain panic disorder? What are the leading biological and cognitive treatments for this disorder? pp. 117–121 cyberstudy << 8. Describe various types of obsessions and compulsions. pp. 121–123 9. Which factors do psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, and biological theorists believe are at work in obsessive-compulsive disorder? pp. 124–129 10. Describe and compare the effectiveness of exposure and response prevention and antidepressant medications as treatments for obsessivecompulsive disorder. pp. 126, 128–129 SEARCH Search the Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology Video Tool Kit www.worthpublishers.com/apvtk Chapter 4 Video Cases Worrying: Key to Generalized Anxiety Overcoming a Fear of Flying The Impact of Obsessions and Compulsions ▲ Video case discussions, study guides, and questions ▲ Log on to the Comer Web Page www.worthpublishers.com/comer Chapter 4 outline, learning objectives, research exercises, study tools, and practice test questions ▲ Additional Chapter 4 case studies, Web links, and FAQs ▲ ComFun6e_Ch04_C!.indd 131 12/10/09 11:16:39 AM...
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