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Class notes 02.19.08 - T-Square

Class notes 02.19.08 - T-Square - Introduction to Sociology...

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Introduction to Sociology 1101A Spring 2008 Class Notes 02.19.08 I. Chapter 7: Global stratification A. Stratification = system where people are divided into “layers.” B. Points supporting stratification theory (from: Waters, Malcolm. 1994. Modern Sociological Theory . London, Sage Publications) 1. All societies have patterns of social inequality in a hierarchical order. 2. Stratification divides society into segments that are closed off from one another. 3. Stratification has material, power and status aspects. 4. Patterns of stratification are stable and are inherited across generations. 5. Members of the upper levels will always seek to exclude and/or exploit lower levels. C. Systems of stratification within a society 1. Slavery – ownership of individuals. 2. Caste – status determined by birth and is lifelong. 3. Class – based primarily on material possessions. D. Determinants of social class 1. Karl Marx – class determined by relationship to means of production, bourgeoisie (capitalists) and proletariat (workers).
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