Lecture slides 03.06.08

Lecture slides 03.06.08 - Health Disparities in DeKalb...

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Health Disparities in DeKalb County Rachel Yelk Woodruff, MPH District Epidemiologist DeKalb County Board of Health March 6, 2008
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Overview What are health disparities? National and state health data Health Disparities in DeKalb County Local data sources ‘Who’ is DeKalb County? DeKalb County health data What are we doing to address health disparities in DeKalb? Summary
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Health Disparity: Definition The existence of differences in health status between two or more groups of people Health disparities are NOT a result of a specific population experiencing different illnesses than another population
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Health Disparity: Role of the Environment Anything external to individuals shared by members of the community, including social behaviors Susceptibility is greater and illness rates higher in certain populations due to environmental factors
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Health Disparity: Risk and Protective Factors Source: Eliminating Health Disparities:The Role of Primary Prevention. Oakland, Calif: Prevention Institute; 2002.
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“The chief underlying cause of health disparities is increasingly understood to be social and economic inequality; i.e., social bias and institutional racism, limited education, poverty, and related environmental conditions that either directly produce ill health or promote unhealthy behaviors that lead to poor health.” Mikkelsen L, Cohen L, Bhattacharyya K,Valenzuela I, Davis R, Gantz T. Eliminating Health Disparities:The Role of Primary Prevention. Oakland, Calif: Prevention Institute; 2002.
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Health Disparities in the US African American and Hispanic/Latino persons represent 26% of the U.S. population
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Lecture slides 03.06.08 - Health Disparities in DeKalb...

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