7 - LPK Holt HIUS 309 February 7, 2008 Demoralization,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LPK Holt HIUS 309 February 7, 2008 Demoralization, Dissent, and Confederate Defeat Self-inflicted defeat: lack of Southern will, class conflict and dissent Southerners went into the war convinced God was on their side; as they began losing battles they believed God was punishing them Basic source of internal dissent lay in class tensions between the rich slave holding minority and the poor non-slave holding majority (who fought the war) – “rich man’s war and poor man’s fight” The latent potential for conflict between the classes became kinetic during the war Slavery and the class system based on it proved to be the South’s undoing Robinson – the refusal of blacks to work brought down the Confederacy – there was a dramatic drop in crop production in slave-holding areas ; crop production in non-slave holding areas, virtually disappeared once the men went off to war to fight – this area produced the vast majority of the Southern food supply Class resentment grew along with desertion as non- slaveholding men refused to fight for slaveholders Economic conditions, behavior, and policy caused grave suffering among the families of the non-slaveholding majority Safety first subsistence farming – growing food for one’s families rather than the market – to be sure their family wouldn’t starve before the next crop was harvested When the men of the non-slaveholding families were drafted, their families couldn’t grow enough food to sustain so they had to buy food from markets The non-slaveholding majority (3/4 of the population) began to depend on the slaves to harvest their crops Some planters refused to shift their crops because they could make a killing on cotton (provoked lower- class resentment); the slaves sabotaged the effort by refusing to work as hard while their owners were off in the army (exacerbated food shortages); the slump in food production plus Confederate financial policy
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
caused horrendous inflation in the South – at the start of 1864 it took $46 to buy something that had
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIUS 309 taught by Professor Holt during the Spring '08 term at UVA.

Page1 / 5

7 - LPK Holt HIUS 309 February 7, 2008 Demoralization,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online