comp politics study final

comp politics study final - China 10 Factors of...

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China 10 Factors of Democratization 1. Elites Commitment to Democracy The governing elites were wholly committed to the imperial system, with its claims to divine legitimating and its Confucius ethos. Very committed to democracy and stability. Sometimes they are opposite. Chinese are trying to avoid chaos. 2. State Institution Chinese political institutions § The Chinese Communist Party o The most important organization within the CCP is the Politburo, consisting of the top two dozen or so leaders in China o The top party official is the General Secretary o Two larger bodies: the Central Committee and the Party Congress § The State o Structurally, China’s government looks very much like a parliamentary system: the governing party appoints ministers and other key government officials, and drafts most legislation. The key difference is that China’s ruling party was not voted into office and does not need to hold popular elections o The executive branch is headed by a prime minister (or premier) o China’s legislative branch is called the National People’s Congress (the weakest of China’s major state institutions)
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The politburo standing committee make all the decisions, drafts legislation, controls the party line and chooses the head of government. 3. National Unity 93% of Chinese are Chinese (Han). 55 minorities including, Tibetan. Homogenous society. Belief of Daoism (way or path) Ying and Yang, and Buddhist. The great paradise in built in China. Chinese Religious, Confucianism, but they are atheist. Ying (water, cold food). Yang (fire, hot food-chilies, garlic, onions, mango). Also neutral food. Dao priest are interpreter of oracles and sacrifices. Confucianism: imperial state influence, Japan, Singapore, it is moral code or code of conduct. Incredible sense of responsibility and accountability. Qin Dinasty 221 bc. Terracota Warriors, before that 105 AD paper, moveable typewritten. Xi’an (Video) capitol of 13 dynasties. –Qing 1644-1911 READ to understand China’s international Relations. Zhou dynasty from 11th century BC until 256 BC and during this time, one of the foremost two thinkers of the time were Confucius (551-479 BC) and he stressed tradition, morality, accountability, peace and abundance, and the second great thinker of this time period was Sun Wu who became known as Sunzi who wrote the ART OF WAR. Sunzi lived from 544 BC until 496 BC. Sunzi argued for the following 10 principles of war. 4. National Wealth and Private Enterprise Middle Class: 10-19% is middle class. But with the pace of the economy the middle class may reach 25%. 2020 (40%). Private enterprise is widely embraced after years of communist regime.
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National Wealth: Tianjin discovered Oil 5. Support the disadvantage 6. Citizen participation Citizen Participation is not well endorsed because it is only allow talking about the government in private, not public. 5 7. Education and Freedom of expression Education is very important. Not very strong has not reach the 30%, not have the other
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ECO 2023 taught by Professor Mccaleb during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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comp politics study final - China 10 Factors of...

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