Introduction to Hinduism, Part IIDevelopment of HinduismA. Early HinduismThe Indus Valley civilization (now Pakistan) was a highly sophisticated ancient society in North India. Flourished between 3000-1500 B.C.E. Sacrifice most blessed activity - gave rise to priests; polytheism; like other early religions, mother goddesses, bull, fertility godB. Later Hinduism - ca 2000 BCE – The Vedic PeriodAround 1500 B.C.E. the Aryans came into the area from Central Asia. Appears that they coexisted. The Aryans were pastoral nomads. Their language became Sanskrit, the official language of the hindu tradition. The Vedas were an oral tradition brought into India by the Aryans. Aryans (same became Greeks, Latins, Celts, Germans, and Slavs) moved into India. Settled slowly. Tribe leaders were rajahs. Began wandering in their minds. The Vedas. The Aryans are the people who brought Vedic beliefs into India and these beliefs merged with the indigenous religion that was already there.Toward the close of the Vedic period, priests were growing in numbers and power making religion and the search for knowledge their whole life work.Response to an urge to determine the origin of the world. PhilosophicalAll this time, the Aryans were on the move. In time, the whole land came under Aryan sway (social and political customs).