Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in Americas08update

Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in Americas08update

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Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in America Steven J. Rosenstone and John Mark Hansen. 1993
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The Puzzle of Participation in American Politics What is the puzzle?
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Introduction to Voter Turnout Restrictions on Suffrage Turnout in U.S. Elections Historically High and Low Stimulus Elections Voters and Non-Voters
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Suffrage Timeline Colonial Times Black Male Suffrage following civil war 1920 – Female suffrage 1972 – 18-21 year old suffrage
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De Jure and De Facto limits to suffrage White primaries (until 1944 S.Ct. decision rendered them unconstitutional) Poll tax – most effective limit, called unconstitutional by S.Ct. and finally eliminated in 1964 by constitutional amendment Literacy tests—suspended by Voting Rights Act of 1965 Felony disfrachisement – varies by state Residency requirements – limited by a 1972 S. Ct. decision
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De Facto limitations on the franchise Registration requirements Poor, error-prone equipment in poor and ethnic polling places Intimidation
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Turnout in Historical Perspective Difference between VEP and VAP estimates Ruy Teixeira estimates that social scientists routinely underestimate turnout by about 4% 19 th century – turnout around 70% Precipitous decline in the early part of the 20 th century and competing explanations for it
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Presidential Turnout Rates for Voting-Age Population (VAP) and Eligible Population (VEP)
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Youth Voting through 2000 Today’s young adults are less politically interested and informed than any cohort of young people on record (Project Vote Smart survey in 2000) The voting rate of adults under 30 was 50% in 1972 and was barely above 30% in 2000. In Presidential election years between 1972 and 2000, the national youth voter turnout rate declined by 13 percentage points (among 18-24 year old voters). Note difference in ways that the youth vote is defined.
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Age 2000 2004 Percentage Point Increase 18-24 36% 47% +11% Points 25-34 51% 56% +5 % points 35-44 60% 64% +4 % points 45-54 66% 69% +3 % points 55-64 70% 73% +3 % points 65-74 72% 73% +1 % points 75+ 67% 69% +2 % points All Ages 60% 64% +4 % points Table: Voter Turnout among Citizens According to the Census Current Population Survey, Nov 2000 and 2004 Year 2000 2004 Percentage Point Increase
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Partisanship shifts among young voters 2006 v. 2002
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More on the Youth Vote Additional facts on the youth vote (ages 18-24) in the 2004 elections 1 : According to exit polls and Census data, the increase in youth turnout was driven by a surge in
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Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in Americas08update

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