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Benchmark-Models of Abnormality 1Benchmark-Models of AbnormalityKyla HawkinsPSY-470Professor KeeferNovember 8, 2020
Benchmark-Models of Abnormality 2Abnormal psychology is defined as “The scientific study of abnormal behavior undertaken to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning” (Comer, 2014). In simpler terms, it helps analyze people who fall outside of the normal or typical boundaries of society. Some of psychology is demonstrated through six various models. This paper will look into the models. This essay will look into the definition of these models and how they work in the real world. The Biological model is one that is linked to problems in the brain. Biologists theorists believe the abnormal behavior happens due to malfunctioning brain anatomy, chemistry, and circuity (Comer, 2014). An example would be schizophrenia. Mental disorders are normally linked to how the brain is made and how it works. When the brain has abnormalities in the frontal and pre-frontal cortex this is normally linked to schizophrenia (McLeod, 2018). Mental illness is inherited from certain gene factors in the make up of chromosomes cells. Genes in priorgenerations can trigger vulnerable individuals to suspicions, diseases, and mental episodes (Comer, 2014). An example would be a biologic inconsistency in the body due to hormones present in the blood and freed by glands in the endocrine system (Comer, 2014). The evaluation would include looking at the patients past and looking for any hereditary tendency for abnormalities. The different treatment for this model would be substance rehabilitation, brain stimulus, and psychosurgery (Comer, 2014).The second model is known as Psychodynamic. The psychodynamic model believes a person’s behavior (normal or abnormal) is due to psychological factors that they may or not be aware of (Comer, 2014). This model was established by Sigmund Freud in 1897. Freud believed that abnormalities come from psychological triggers instead of physical triggers. Freud believed struggles happen between the id, ego, and superego which leads to the abnormality (McLeod,