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Unformatted text preview: Japanese Music- o Variety of music styles o Scales o Process of learning music o Instruments o Influences on music o Transmission o Music structure Tokugawa period- 1600-1867 Traditional Japanese music flourished-golden age of Japanese cultural life o Buddhism- major religion-from india o Chinese and Korean musical influences Japanese scales- diversity Pitch- 12 tones Timbre- tone quality/ unpitched sounds Mass media- huge influence on Japanese music Melodic and harmonic elements- slow pitch movements and short repeated motifs Syllabic- steady pitch of syllable Melismatic- changes pitch of syllable while sang Monophonic- all voices sing at once Heterophonic- two or more voices or instruments playing at the same time Rhythm- free pulse, flexible Characteristics- variety of timbre, heterophonic and monophonic, flexibility of rhythm Shakuhachi- bamboo flute- played in free rhythm Ronin- masterless samurai Iemoto Guild- transmits musical knowledge, status/composition/quality control/art music Miny- folk song. Daily usage, work songs. Rural area origin/ modern nostalgia/ orally transmitted Shoka songs- blend of Japanese and Western elements. Western scales, rhythm and Japanese. Failed at changing government Enka songs- deeply political / sentimental. Full of nostalgia and longing. Silly. Steady rhythm and repetition-narration Komuso- religious order emptiness monk wandered countryside playing and begging. Samurai turned priest Zen and Japanese music- breathing, reach enlightenment, suizen RIAA- Recording Industry Association of America- no pirating Radiohead- fucking brilliant Rhythm and melody- culture specific Nay/ney- reed flute- 7 different sizes Persian- farsi Maqam- arab scales Makam- Turkish scales 24- notes per octave in arab music Pitch hierarchy- in modes the notes are not equally important King- most important note Kings minister- second most important note Drone- one note over and over again...
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- Fall '07