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Unformatted text preview: • Japanese Music- o Variety of music styles o Scales o Process of learning music o Instruments o Influences on music o Transmission o Music structure • Tokugawa period- 1600-1867 Traditional Japanese music flourished-golden age of Japanese cultural life o Buddhism- major religion-from india o Chinese and Korean musical influences • Japanese scales- diversity • Pitch- 12 tones • Timbre- tone quality/ unpitched sounds • Mass media- huge influence on Japanese music • Melodic and harmonic elements- slow pitch movements and short repeated motifs • Syllabic- steady pitch of syllable • Melismatic- changes pitch of syllable while sang • Monophonic- all voices sing at once • Heterophonic- two or more voices or instruments playing at the same time • Rhythm- free pulse, flexible • Characteristics- variety of timbre, heterophonic and monophonic, flexibility of rhythm • Shakuhachi- bamboo flute- played in free rhythm • Ronin- masterless samurai • Iemoto Guild- transmits musical knowledge, status/composition/quality control/art music • Minyō- folk song. Daily usage, work songs. Rural area origin/ modern nostalgia/ orally transmitted • Shoka songs- blend of Japanese and Western elements. Western scales, rhythm and Japanese. Failed at changing government…… • Enka songs- deeply political / sentimental. Full of nostalgia and longing. Silly. Steady rhythm and repetition-narration • Komuso- religious order “emptiness monk” wandered countryside playing and begging. Samurai turned priest • Zen and Japanese music- breathing, reach enlightenment, suizen • RIAA- Recording Industry Association of America- no pirating • Radiohead- fucking brilliant • Rhythm and melody- culture specific • Nay/ney- reed flute- 7 different sizes • Persian- farsi • Maqam- arab scales • Makam- Turkish scales • 24- notes per octave in arab music • Pitch hierarchy- in modes the notes are not equally important • King- most important note • King’s minister- second most important note • Drone- one note over and over again...
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- Fall '07
- Music, 20th century music, traditional Japanese music, Japanese music Melodic, Japanese music- breathing