gdi-2011-politics-master-file-mercury

As long as north korea remains weaker both militarily

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Unformatted text preview: FTA, but now I oppose these details.” Mr. Song remains one of South Korea’s most recognizable figures on the international scene . On Tuesday, Mr. Song left Seoul for London where he’ll participate in this week’s Global Zero Summit. The annual meeting brings together several hundred political and civic leaders of all political stripes who are trying to top the spread of nuclear weapons, secure all nuclear materials and eventually eliminate nuclear weapons, a goal called global zero. Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011 55 Mercury Politics Impact Answer – No Conflict (1/2) Loss of alliance wouldn’t spur conflict- South Korea has become too powerful. Kang, Dartmouth Government Professor, 08 (David C., Professor in the Government department and Adjunct Professor at the Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College, January 2008, “Inter-Korean Relations in the Absence of a U.S.-ROK Alliance”, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/asia_policy/v005/5.kang.html, p. 37, Accessed 7.6.11, SWolff) The only measure by which North Korea has outspent South Korea is per capita GNP—an indicator of North Korean weakness, not strength. The quality of North Korea’s military, including training and equipment, has steadily deteriorated relative to South Korea, especially in the past three decades. The South Korean military not only is better equipped, better trained, and more versatile than its northern counterpart but also has better logistics and support.28 The bulk of North Korea’s main battle tanks are of 1950s vintage, and most of the country’s combat aircraft were introduced before 1956. Evaluations after the first Gulf War concluded that Western weaponry is at least twice—or even four times—as effective as older Soviet-vintage systems.29 By contrast, South Korea’s military modernization is actually increasing. President Roh Moo-hyun has repeatedly said that it is unacceptable for the world’s twelfth largest economy not to “assume the role of main actor” in its own defense. Indeed, South Korea has increased defense spending 10% annually since 2004 and plans to continue this expansion until 2012. The country also expects expenditures on military research and development to increase 18% until 2012, combined with a reduction in armed forces by 6% (approximately 45,000 personnel). Such military modernization will include new surface-to-air missile capabilities (the SAM-X project), as well as air-to-air refueling capability, Aegisequipped destroyers, attack helicopters, and advanced command and control capabilities.30 South Korea is also beginning to take a more active role in the planning and operation of defense along the DMZ, with the United States already taking the role of a supporting military.31 A further reduction in U.S. commitment to South Korea would be consistent with the general trend over the past few decades. Although North Korea may no longer have a serious invasive capability Pyongyang certainly continues to hold Seoul hostage. Indeed, North Korea’s most likely aggress...
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2013 for the course POL 090 taught by Professor Framer during the Spring '13 term at Shimer.

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