But the way forward is not without any controversy or

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Unformatted text preview: ational phenomena and state security challenges ranging from climate change and energy security to humanitarian relief operations. The United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK) have one of the most formidable and durable military alliances in the world. It has preserved peace and stability in Northeast Asia and ensured nuclear restraint among Asian powers. It has weathered extreme domestic unpopularity in South Korea and pressures to reduce U.S. overseas defense obligations. Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011 34 Mercury Politics Impact – Alliance Good – AT – Resiliency (1/2) The alliance is fragile – needs renewed commitment Korea Times 09 (No Author, February 18, 2009, “Future of ROK-US Alliance”, LexisNexis, accessed: 7/8/11, SWOLFF) Most American and Korean strategists agree that the value of the alliance goes far beyond security on the Korean Peninsula. Yet the contours of the future of the ROK-U.S. alliance are elusive, and despite highlevel attention from U.S. and South Korean officials' alliance, skeptic's views continue to prevail and dominate news stories and discussions in Seoul. These arguments are animated by fears of abandonment and entrapment. Cooperation on the peninsula, according to entrapment naysayers, often brings the partners into conflict, most often with Koreans seeking a more conciliatory stance than the Americans seek with Pyongyang. The abandonment camp continues to suggest that America's changing military footprint on the peninsula - characterized by transfer of operational control for wartime missions and relocation of U.S. forces from the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) further south - is an indication of America's strategic withdrawal from South Korea. These views raise hard questions that require answers. As a new administration takes control in Washington and faces an unprecedented array of global challenges, America is looking to reset and revitalize its alliances for the 21st century. U.S. power has been sorely tested over seven years of war, and no U.S. alliances have escaped unscathed by demands to support the "global war on terror" and the controversial invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, with their lengthy and inconclusive stabilization and counterinsurgency requirements. Allies have been asked to do extraordinary things in support of missions that most viewed, at best, with skepticism. Facing a relative decline in its unipolar power, global financial turmoil, and more transnational threats - from climate and energy security and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) to terrorism and extremism - the United States is regaining its appreciation of constructive, mutually beneficial partnerships. Outside of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the most critical are with America's treaty allies in Asia: Japan, Australia, South Korea, Thailand, and the Philippines. Asia is one foreign policy area in which the United States has scored well over the past eight years. A broad and pragmatic center remains dominant in America's Asia policy community. Likewise, a strong bipartisan commitment to the U.S.-ROK alliance has been and will continue to be critical to strengthening of the relationship and broadenin...
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2013 for the course POL 090 taught by Professor Framer during the Spring '13 term at Shimer.

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