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Unformatted text preview: ial focus quite often moves off the domestic agenda and into the wider world of
diplomacy. But that can spell greater political danger for a president and his party. George H.W. Bush
spent most of his presidency winning a war against Iraq and successfully concluded the Cold War
conflict with the Soviet Union. But neither of those foreign policy successes helped him win re-election.
His son, George W. Bush, understood that he had to keep a tight focus on the economy and one big domestic
policy item (education), and
while the war on terror did end up dominating his presidency, Bush never forgot to focus on his domestic
achievements. The biggest danger to President Obama is not just foreign entanglements, it is also competing
domestic priorities that threaten to undermine his ability to get big things done. For example, the House vote
on cap and trade has made it very hard for conservative and moderate Democrats to join with Speaker Nancy
Pelosi on a more important health care bill. Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011
Politics Internal Link – AT – Winners Win
Winners win is a myth in context of space
Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars, 7
[5-14-7, “Congress and America’s Future in Space: Pie in the Sky or National Imperative?”,
Panelists: Professor Howard E. McCurdy, Chairman, School of Public Affairs, American University; Chuck
Atkins, Chief of Staff, House Committee on Science and Technology; Lori B. Garver, former Associate
Administrator for Policy and Plans, NASA; and Marc Kaufman, Reporter, The Washington Post
America must continue with its scientific exploration of outer space, though the costs of building a space
station on the Moon as a launch pad for sending astronauts to Mars and beyond—-estimated by some at over
$400 billion--may be too much for Congress and the public to swallow.
That was the consensus of a panel of experts at the Congress Project Seminar on Congress and
America’s Future in Space. Professor Howard E. McCurdy of American University traced the history
of America’s space program while exploding “the myth of presidential leadership in space.” According
to that myth, says McCurdy, all the President has to do is move his lips and say the words, and it will
be done. But that ignores both the independence of Congress and the ways of the NASA bureaucracy.
Congress sometimes says “no” and sometimes, “go slow.” While Congress did largely defer to the
President during the 1960s when John F. Kennedy called for putting a man on the moon within the decade,
that began to change with the next stages of our space program. When President George W. Bush
announced in 2004 his “Vision for Space Exploration,” which included building a Moon station for
manned flights to Mars, he was recycling an idea that’s been kicked around for the last 50 years, says
McCurdy. In fact, in 1989 Bush’s father called for the exact same thing, calling it the “Space
Exploration Initiative.” But it died a natural death in Congress. Contentious debate ensures plan is not perceived as a victory
Mann, Brookings Governance Studies senior fellow, 10
[Thomas, Brookings, November, “American...
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- Spring '13