The wolf clause exposed the anxiety of hawkish

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Unformatted text preview: referred to as “the gap.” Congressional policy makers and others have expressed concerns about U.S. access to space during the gap. The NASA Authorization Act of 2005 declared it to be U.S. policy “to possess the capability for human access to space on a continuous basis.”28 Former NASA Administrator Michael Griffin, a strong advocate of the Vision, has referred to the gap as “unseemly in the extreme.”29 Under current plans, Russian spacecraft will be the only means of access to the ISS for humans during the gap. A variety of alternatives are being considered for cargo. These points are discussed further below in the section “Post-Shuttle Access to the ISS.” The prospect of the gap has intensified congressional concerns about whether the capabilities of the ISS will be fully utilized. In addition to the uncertainty about U.S. access to the ISS during the gap period, it appears possible that U.S. use of the station will end at about the same time as the shuttle’s successors first become available, or even before. Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011 199 Mercury Politics ***Links – Cooperation Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011 200 Mercury Politics Coop – China – Unpopular – House Multiple members of House – Rep. Smith (R-NJ), Rohrabacher (R-CA), Sires (D-NJ) and Manzullo (R-IL) – don’t trust China, ensuring backlash against the plan Boles, Wall Street Journal, 1/19/2011 (Corey, staff writer at the Wall Street Journal, “Rep. Smith: Hu ‘Presides Over Gulag State’”, The Wall Street Journal,, accessed 6/28/11) EK Rep. Christopher Smith (R., N.J.), a leading congressional critic of China, said Mr. Hu “presides over a gulag state, clearly a dictatorship.” Among other things, he said that Mr. Hu “is directly responsible for the systematic detention and torture of millions of peaceful Chinese, Tibetans and Uighurs.” Both Republicans and Democrats at the House Foreign Affairs panel hearing castigated the Chinese government for imprisoning political activists, ignoring human rights concerns, taking advantage of African countries for their natural minerals, saber-rattling against neighbors including Taiwan and Japan, and exploiting its economic relationship with America. Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R., Calif.) said that the head of a “monstrous regime” that is “engaged in the world’s worst human rights abuses” shouldn’t be given access to the White House. Democratic Rep. Albio Sires (D., N.J.) said he thought Beijing’s hidden agenda is “world domination” and that rather than condemn the country, Washington was helping it achieve its goal. Rep. Don Manzullo (R., Ill.) expressed concern that China’s economic activities were damaging the interests of the U.S.’s already beleaguered small manufacturing sector. “China’s unfair trade practices, including currency manipulation, illegal subsidies, and lax enforcement of intellectual p...
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