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Unformatted text preview: the whip, and,
although they growl and roar, they still get up on their tiny little stools and perform. But if a president
looks like Gulliver, a pitiful, helpless giant dominated by Congressional Lilliputians, then watch out .
Winning in this regard does not mean forcing sweeping proposals, in toto, down the throats of lawmakers. It
means compromising, cutting back, and ceding ground to build majorities, but doing so in ways that
make it clear that you are in control. Perception of successful policy boosts president’s power to control agenda
Rosati, University of South Carolina Government and International Studies professor, 04
(Jerel A., THE POLITICS OF UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY, 2004, p. 98)
It was the sense of national emergency associated with the cold war during the fifties and sixties, after all,
that was the ultimate source of presidential power and American global leadership following World War II.
This means that the fragmented and pluralist political environment that has prevailed since Vietnam will
likely continue in the post-cold war future, posing greater foreign policy opportunities and political risks for
presidents and American leadership abroad. And as the American public focuses its concern increasingly on
“intermestic” (and especially economic) issues, presidents who are perceived as dealing successfully with
those issues are likely to enjoy an increase in their popularity and ability to govern in foreign policy and in
general. But much will depend on the image that Americans have of a president’s policies and of their
relative success, at home and abroad – a function of the turn of events and the strength of presidential
leadership. Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011
Politics Link Turn – Winners Win – Lobby Version
Attacking lobbies bolsters support for Obama’s agenda
Thurber, American University Center for Congressional and Presidential Studies Director,
(James, Presidential Studies Quarterly 41, no. 2 (June), “Changing the Way Washington Works? Assessing
President Obama’s Battle with Lobbyists,”, http://www.american.edu/spa/ccps/upload/Thurber-psq-article.pdf, p.
361, date accessed - 7-9-11, GJV)
The president has also used attacks on lobbyists to build support for his policy agenda, especially in the
battles over health care and ﬁnancial regulation. During his ﬁrst two years in ofﬁce, President Obama
attacked lobbyists dozens of times for hindering or even stopping his policy agenda (e.g., cap and trade
legislation), stating that they undermined democracy and the public interest. However, he used them
when needed to help push through historic reforms. He used criticisms about the role of lobbyists and
money in politics to his advantage in building support for health care reform and ﬁnancial regulation
reforms, but he was later criticized for “selling out” to the special interests when compromises were
necessary and when their support was essential for passage of these historic acts. For example, in a
speech on the need for health care reform on Marc...
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- Spring '13