gdi-2011-politics-master-file-mercury

These goals form a foundation for us space policies

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Unformatted text preview: A proposals trigger extensive series of issues Congress has to resolve Morgan, Congressional Research Service spet in science and technology policy, 7-8-10 [Daniel, Congressional Research Service, “The Future of NASA: Space Policy Issues Facing Congress”, p. i , opencrs.com/document/R41016/, accessed 6-20-11, AFB] Committees in the House and Senate have held hearings to consider both the Augustine report and the Administration proposals. As Congress considers appropriations and authorization bills addressing these broad space policy challenges, it faces choices about • whether NASA’s human exploration program is affordable and sufficiently safe, and if so, what destination or destinations it should explore; • whether the space shuttle program should continue past its currently planned termination in early 2011; if so, how to ensure the continued safety of shuttle crews; if not, how the transition of the shuttle workforce and facilities should be managed; • whether U.S. use of the International Space Station should continue past its currently planned termination at the end of 2015; • whether the currently planned Orion crew capsule and Ares rockets, being developed as successors to the space shuttle, are the best choices for delivering astronauts and cargo into space, or whether other proposed rockets or commercial services should take their place; and • how NASA’s multiple objectives in human spaceflight, science, aeronautics, and education should be prioritized. NASA issues trigger debate over major issues in Congress – including mission, priorities, and methods Morgan, Congressional Research Service spet in science and technology policy, 7-8-10 [Daniel, Congressional Research Service, “The Future of NASA: Space Policy Issues Facing Congress”, p.2, opencrs.com/document/R41016/, accessed 6-20-11, AFB] As Congress considers these broad space policy challenges, the major issues it faces can be summarized as three broad questions: • What is NASA for? Different analysts and policy makers give different answers to this question: making scientific discoveries, developing technologies with economic benefits, enhancing national security, enhancing international prestige, even fulfilling human destiny in space. How should these competing goals be prioritized? • What should NASA do? In order to accomplish its broad goals, how should NASA balance its major programs in human spaceflight, robotic spaceflight, aeronautics research, and education? In the human spaceflight program, which is larger than all the others put together, should the agency’s goal be exploration of the Moon, or some other destination? What should the top priorities be for NASA’s science and aeronautics programs? • How? Once these questions are decided, how should their answers be implemented? What new space vehicles are needed? What should be done with existing programs, such as the space shuttle and the International Space Station? Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011 63 Mercury Pol...
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