fair game sheet final

fair game sheet final - Memory Ebbinghaus CVC's pioneer in...

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Memory Ebbinghaus & CVC’s - pioneer in memory research, longer lists = longer time to memorize. Consonant-vowel-consonant “Forgetting curve” and decay- retain much info more you know less you will forget….? Nature of iconic memory (sensory store)- input from the senses, vision, sound, touch. Lasts only a few seconds Working memory- o 7 +/ - 2 only a few at a time o Must be rehearsed or else only last a few seconds o Vulnerable to distraction o Organize info for consolidation into LTM o Tested with Digit span and word span o Chunking helps! LTM- o No known capacity limits o Begins only after 3-4 years of age o Permastore Memory types: o Incidental vs. intentional- o Explicit vs. implicit- direct, declarative, u no u no vs. influenced by experience, u no but aren’t sure how o Procedural vs. declarative- motor skills such as walking, and talking, “how to” vs. readily stat in words o Semantic vs. episodic- facts vs. personal experiences Levels of processing principle- ease of recall is related to the #s and types of associations you form. Elaborate, make personal, make association. Determines ease of recall Encoding specificity principle- associations formed @ the time of encoding are effective retrieval cues. Place, time, etc. Mnemonic devices- any memory aid that relies on encoding items in a special way to enhance systematic recall. ROYGBIV Primacy effect- recall 1 st items better Recency effect- recall last items better Permastore- memories last a life time, rehersal, well- learned, use it or lose it Process of memory reconstruction- construct a memory of an event based on perception of experience, fill in blanks with assumptions False memories- remembering incorrectly or fabricating memory from expectations, not real events Hindsight bias- reconstruction of past memories so it more accurately reflects the outcome of events Types of memory interference:
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o Proactive- old material interferes with retrieval of new material o Retroactive- new material interferes with retrieval of old material Childhood Amnesia- can’t remember shit before ¾ Retrograde amnesia- failure to retrieve old memories Anterograde amnesia- failure to store new memories Korsakoff’s syndrome- chronic alcoholism, general loss of memory caused by widespread PFC neuron loss Types of clustering- Cued recall enhancement- offer hints to cue memory, improve performance Recognition enhancement- present possible choices and ask to choose correct 1 Digitspan task- ECT- Alzheimer’s disease- increasing memory loss, impaired attention, confusion and depression, old age. Antero/retrograde THINKING Geons and “impossible figures”- perception of objects is the composition of basic shapes. Perceptual machinery interprets cues even when they give an impossible output.
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  • Winter '08
  • Marcus
  • Big Five personality traits, Confirmation bias- tendency, Permastore Memory types, female behavior Aspects, devices-any memory aid

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