des poeple darfur essay 1s

des poeple darfur essay 1s - Deniz Gorgun The Reality of...

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Deniz Gorgun The Reality of Darfur Sudan is the country with the largest area in the whole of Africa. It lies in northeast Africa; to the north it borders Egypt and Libya, to the west Chad, to the south Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Central African Republic, and to the east Ethiopia. The geographical position of the country has been considered a strategic one, as it is on the important trade routes linking Africa and Middle East. Alongside with trade, the main income for the inhabitants is from agriculture and livestock. The people are basically separated into two groups, according to their lifestyles: they are either nomadic stockbreeders or settled down farmers. Darfur has three main ethnic groups: the Arabic camel nomads, the non-Arabic farmers, such as Fur and Massalit, and the non-Arabic cattle herders. These three ethnic groups are somehow dependent on each other to survive, as the natural resources are not equally distributed throughout the region. The optimal solution to this problem was found centuries ago, cooperation. Farmers cultivate the soil and yield products for the cattle, the cattle use the yield and fertilize the land returning to their own villages; a basic mutual interdependence. After seeing this simple beneficial relationship, people ask: “So, why are they in conflict now?’ There is more than one answer to the question. The grievous situation currently in Darfur basically has a variety of causes, mostly geopolitical, geological, economical and environmental. Even though these reasons are pointed out and clarified by many researchers, a common solution hasn’t been reached yet. The world community failed
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once again to stop this conflict of a huge magnitude, because the offers made to the combatants to cease fire were not satisfactory, the peacekeeping forces to be deployed to create buffer zones are inexperienced with the geography, and the most importantly peace is not the most suitable for the political interests of powerful economies that are being supplied by the resources in Sudan. The attitude of the Sudanese Government is one of the main factors that led the people into conflict. The hatred the government is trying to spread among people is serious. Khartoum wants to sell the oil reserves ( 1 ) for a good deal (“It is estimated that 70-80 of oil revenue, fueled by foreign investment, goes toward military expenditures” (DADA)), and a presence of conflict grabs attention. A number of developed industries such as China, Russia and United States are interested in the oil that Khartoum is more than willing to sell. For example, the effect of China on Sudan’s economic policies is at incredible levels. With a devastating economy and the hunger of raw materials, the search
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des poeple darfur essay 1s - Deniz Gorgun The Reality of...

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