3125565670 - General Psychology Practice Test 2 Multiple...

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General Psychology Practice Test 2 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Sally developed a fear of balconies after almost falling from a balcony on a couple of occasions. What was the conditioned response? a. the balcony b. fear of the balcony c. almost falling d. fear resulting from almost falling ____ 2. When the UCS is removed and the CS is presented alone for a period of time, what will occur? a. classical conditioning b. generalization c. acquisition d. extinction ____ 3. Sally developed a fear of balconies from almost falling. Although she has had no dangerous experiences on bridges or cliffs, she now fears these stimuli as well. Which of the following is likely to have produced a fear of these other stimuli? a. instinctive drift b. spontaneous recovery c. generalization d. discrimination ____ 4. A researcher reinforces closer and closer approximations to a target behavior. What is the name of the proced- ure she is using? a. shaping b. classical conditioning c. discrimination training d. extinction ____ 5. John says, "Please pass the salt." Ralph passes the salt. "Thank you," says John. John's request precedes a be- havior (salt passing) that is reinforced ("Thank you"). Thus, the request "Please pass the salt" is a ______________ for passing the salt. a. discriminative stimulus b. response c. positive reinforcer d. conditioned stimulus (CS) ____ 6. A rat is reinforced for the first lever-pressing response that occurs, on the average, after 60 seconds. Which schedule is the rat on? a. FR b. VR c. FI d. VI ____ 7. When the rat presses a lever, the mild electric shock on the cage floor is turned off. What procedure is being used? a. punishment b. negative reinforcement c. discrimination training d. negative punishment
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____ 8. The contingencies are as follows: if the response occurs, a stimulus is presented; if the response does not oc- cur, the stimulus is not presented. Under this procedure the strength of the response decreases. What proced- ure is being used? a. positive reinforcement b. negative reinforcement c. positive punishment d. negative punishment ____ 9. In terms of the traditional view of conditioning, research on conditioned taste aversion was surprising because a. there was a very long delay between CS and UCS b. the dislike of a particular taste was operantly conditioned c. conditioning occurred to all stimuli present when the food was consumed d. the sense of taste seems to be relatively weak ____ 10. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 2003 taught by Professor Swanner during the Spring '07 term at Arkansas.

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3125565670 - General Psychology Practice Test 2 Multiple...

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