3-29-10 - World History II Notes Chinese Nationalism I Imperialism and Sources of Nationalism a China went to war with Britain during the Opium Wars

3-29-10 - World History II Notes Chinese Nationalism I...

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3/29/10 World History II Notes Chinese Nationalism I. Imperialism and Sources of Nationalism a. China went to war with Britain during the Opium Wars: Britain was producing Opium in India and China was becoming a major consumer of Opium. a.i. The Chinese government did not want Britain to pump Opium into China. a.ii. They resisted to prevent the importation of opium into China. b. The British not only wanted to secure the market for opium, but they also wanted to provide themselves easier access to Chinese tea. c. The Opium War was a defeat for China. c.i. Britain got the right to do as they please in China and other European follow suite. c.ii. They controlled five coastal cities (free-ports): places where they conduct business and they shipped in and out of. c.iii. They also got the right to extra territoriality: British were not subject to Chinese laws of territory in China, just British law. d. The Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) d.i. A kind of response to this foreign presence in China. d.ii. The person most closely associated with it is Hong Xiuquan, who is the “instigator.” d.ii.1. He became convinced that he was the brother of Jesus Christ. d.iii. It was about cleaning up China; an expression of disgust with the status quo and Chinese government. d.iii.1. Made Chinese government unpopular with its citizens. e. The Boxer Rebellion (1900) e.i. Anti-foreigner; a nationalist uprising in which Chinese nationalists (Boxers) raised a terrorist campaign against Western foreigners. II. Early Nationalist Movement a. Dr. Sun Yat-sen a.i. The founder of modern Chinese nationalism. a.ii. He was Western educated, a physician, and a Chinese patriot a.ii.1. He wanted to get rid of the ruling dynasty, Qing (Manchu) Dynasty. a.ii.2. He wants to get rid of dynasty and establish a democratic government. b. Overthrow Dynasty b.i. Qing Dynasty is seen as corrupt and blamed for the foreign presence in China.

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