Emerging Adulthood Lecture

Emerging Adulthood Lecture - Constructing an Adult Life...

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1 Developmental Psychology – Spring 2008 Andrea C. Reed Constructing an Adult Life  
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Emerging Adulthood: Scanning a New Developed World Life Stage Lasts from 18 through the late 20s, devoted to  constructing  an adult life   Why so long to get there? Life expectancy gains : Now that we routinely live to our 70s or 80s,  we have the luxury of putting off adult commitments to an older age. More intense educational requirements : Most of us  go to  college and—with so many of us working to finance college—it can take till  our mid 20s to get an undergraduate degree. Cultural norms stressing “finding ourselves” :   We   believe that  we need to try out the possibilities so we can be SURE of what we want   before we settle down.       .
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A Time of Huge Variability Between individuals :   We reach the markers of  adulthood-being self supporting; finding a mate; and  having children- at  very different ages.  Between cultures:  In non-western societies people  may not go through this life stage .   Depending on socioeconomic status:  Affluent  emerging adults can enjoy exploring the world; if you  are working full time to finance school your emerging  years can be an exhausting time. PLUS:  U.S.   emerging adults often move backward and  forward on the way to constructing an adult life.
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Emerging in Italy: A Difficult Time The Italians put a premium on  hiring men (and women) with  families, so its hard for young  people to get a good job.     There are strong norms against  cohabitating and against  unwed mothers.  So  many Italian young people  live in the nest during their  20s. Reaching full adulthood – and  having the financial ability to  leave home- often does not  happen until the 30s. 
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Emerging in Sweden: A time of true exploration Nest leaving routinely occurs at age 18       Why? College is financed by the government. Employers make an effort to hire the young. In Sweden, the 20s are often a time to explore,  travel, and enjoy life. Plus, in Sweden there is no stigma about  cohabiting   or having children before being married. So living  together outside of marriage is common.
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Nest Leaving: Some Other U.S. Facts Traditionally our norm is to leave the house at 18, but today  many 20 somethings must return to the nest periodically on  the way to constructing an adult life. Parents and children accept these re-entries but can sometimes 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 334 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '08 term at Wichita State.

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Emerging Adulthood Lecture - Constructing an Adult Life...

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