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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5 Theories of how Agenda Setting occurs? Pluralistic Perspective Open system where groups compete and this policy results from this competition Elitism The theory that policy making is dominated by the best educated, wealthiest, and most powerful elites Group competition to set the agenda is fierce because no society, political system, actor, or individual person has the capacity to address all solutions to all problems that arise at one time. Groups must therefore fight to earn their issues places among all other issues sharing the space on the agenda. Or prepare for the time when a crisis makes their issue more likely to occupy a big space on the agenda Political Power Used to keep issues on or off the public agenda Agenda - Can a list of bills or just beliefs about a problem how it should be addressed (exist at all levels of government) How Problems are identified? Socially constructed process of defining problems and of selling it to the broad population. We as a society and contending interests tell stories about how problems come to be the way they are Tools for defining problems and identifying solutions 1. use #s/conduct research 2. consider alternative views 3. aligning with others who share a common definition 4. use language that connects How to get a problem on the Decision Agenda? Public awareness Go to Representatives Interest Groups that share common interests Systematic agenda Issues are farthest from being enacted Conflict is most likely to occur when policies are in the institutional agenda stage (issues being considered by the government) and are trying to make it to the decision agenda stage (items that are about to be acted upon by the government) Reason When a decision is reached at a particular level of government, it may trigger conflict that expands to another higher level of government Key goal of interest groups is to expand the conflict...
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- Spring '08