Exam 2 - Study Guide - 1. What is state anxiety? How does...

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1. What is state anxiety? How does anxiety differ from fear? How do we measure anxiety? State anxiety is the subjective thoughts (cognitions) and feelings (somatic  sensations) of apprehension, worry, and tension.  Fear is a very intense emotional response, short in duration, and has an obvious  external stimulus. It is measured in terms of awakeness and amounts of  physiological activity (heartbeat). 2. What are the four hypothetical models for explaining the relationship between anxiety  and performance? What evidence either supports or refutes each of the hypotheses? Drive hypothesis, relaxation hypothesis, inverted-U hypothesis, and the zone of  optimal function hypothesis.  The studies in the drive hypothesis failed to provide strong empirical support for  it. The relaxation hypothesis is supported mainly by anecdotal evidence, with little  research supporting its effectiveness. The inverted-U hypothesis has never  received clear support from a single experiment. The evidence for the zone of  optimal functioning hypothesis is that you can’t take the average-based approach  to everyone; instead should focus on individuals; anxiety is not related to 
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course KIN 247 taught by Professor Robertmotl during the Spring '07 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Exam 2 - Study Guide - 1. What is state anxiety? How does...

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