TRAIT AND PERSONALITY THEORIES.pptx - TRAIT AND PERSONALITY THEORIES CONTENTS VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE BIOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND CONCEPT OF THEORY CRITICISMS

TRAIT AND PERSONALITY THEORIES.pptx - TRAIT AND PERSONALITY...

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TRAIT AND PERSONALITY THEORIES
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CONTENTS VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE BIOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND CONCEPT OF THEORY CRITICISMS PERSONAL EVALUATION RESEARCH VALIDATION
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VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE TRAIT PERSONALITY THEORIES OUTLOOK ON HUMAN NATURE CAN BE CONSIDERED AS NEUTRAL. THE THEORY LOOKS ON HUMANS AS NEUTRALS, POSSESSING NEITHER POSITIVE NOR NEGATIVE TRAIT. ONE OF THE BASIC ASSUMPTION THE TRAIT THEORIES HAS IS THAT PEOPLE POSSESS A BROAD NATURES, CALLED TRAIT TO RESPOND IN A PARTICULAR WAYS. (CERVONE & PERVIN, 2008). AS HUMAN BEINGS, TRAIT THEORIES STATES THAT WE POSSESS WIDE VARIETY OF TRAIT CHARACTERISTICS THAT ARE CONSTANT OVER TIME. ALTHOUGH HUMANS POSSESS WIDE VARIETY OF TRAIT CHARACTERISTICS, NOT EVERYONE SHARES THE SAME TRAIT CHARACTERISTICS.
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VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE THE DIFFERENT COMBINATION OF TRAITS FOUND IN EACH PERSON ARE THE ONES THAT MAKES EACH UNIQUE. TRAIT THEORIES ARE THEREFORE FOCUSED ON THE DIFFERENCES IN PEOPLE WITH RELATION TO THEIR OWN SET OF PERSONALITY TRAITS.
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VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE THE HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE OF TRAIT THEORY IS BASED AROUND THE MEASUREMENT AND COMPREHENSION OF TRAITS. TRAITS ARE CHARACTERISTIC PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR THAT ARE ASSESSED USING OF A VARIETY OF METHODS. THE TRAIT THEORY BELIEVES TRAITS ARE STABLE OVER TIME. THIS MEANS A PERSON'S TRAITS DO NOT CHANGE WITH TIME AND ENVIRONMENT. THE TRAIT THEORY ALSO PROMOTES DIFFERENCE IN TRAITS IN INDIVIDUALS AND THE INFLUENCE OF TRAITS ON BEHAVIORS. THE TRAIT THEORY SUPPORTS THE IDEA THAT TRAITS VARY FROM PERSON TO PERSON AND THAT TRAITS REMAIN CONSTANT. THE TRAIT THEORY ALSO BELIEVES ATTRIBUTES BEHAVIOR TO TRAITS. THE TRAIT THEORY IS USED TO DETERMINE THE CAUSE OF BEHAVIORS IN INDIVIDUALS COMPARED TO OTHERS.
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ALLPORT’S TRAIT THEORY OF PERSONALITY
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GORDON W. ALLPORT NOVEMBER 11, 1897-OCTOBER 9,1967 GORDON W. ALLPORT WAS A LONGTIME AND INFLUENTIAL MEMBER OF THE FACULTY AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY FROM 1930 TO 1967. IN 1931, HE SERVED ON THE FACULTY COMMITTEE THAT ESTABLISHED HARVARD'S SOCIOLOGY DEPARTMENT. HE RECEIVED THE APA'S DISTINGUISHED SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTION AWARD. GORDON ALLPORT DIED ON OCTOBER 9, 1967 IN CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS OF LUNG CANCER. HE WAS SEVENTY YEARS OLD.
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GORDON W. ALLPORT NOV.11, 1897-OCT.9,1967 ALLPORT WAS BORN IN MONTEZUMA , INDIANA , THE YOUNGEST OF FOUR SONS OF JOHN EDWARD AND NELLIE EDITH (WISE) ALLPORT. WHEN GORDON WAS SIX YEARS OLD, THE FAMILY HAD MOVED MANY TIMES AND FINALLY SETTLING IN OHIO; HIS EARLY EDUCATION WAS IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF CLEVELAND, OHIO. HE WORKED AS AN INSTRUCTOR IN PSYCHOLOGY FROM 1924 TO 1926 AND BEGAN TEACHING HIS COURSE "PERSONALITY: ITS PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL ASPECTS" IN 1924; IT WAS PROBABLY THE FIRST COURSE IN PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY EVER TAUGHT IN THE U.S.
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GORDON W. ALLPORT NOV.11, 1897-OCT.9,1967 ALLPORT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST PSYCHOLOGIST TO FOCUS ON THE STUDY OF PERSONALITY TRAITS.
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