Final Exam Study Guide

In the 1670s the number of indentured slaves went

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Unformatted text preview: e often used on large sugar plantations to do repetitive work so the more slaves you have working the more sugar you can produce. As a result of this many slaves were imported from Africa to work on these plantations. As the sugar industry expanded so did the number of slaves in those regions producing these goods, which lead to more production. However, this is not the case for staples like tobacco because you need to know what you are doing and how to grow tobacco so having more slaves really did not help production at all. Another economies of scale were technology, which was also evident in the production of sugar and tobacco. Was slavery the same in every colony? Slavery was not the same in every colony. In the lower south and regions where tobacco was the main staple they had to rely on indentured slaves and immigration of slaves in order to produce their tobacco. This meant that the more successful settlers who were landowners were in a very advantageous position. This led to a very unequal land distribution in this region once more and more slaves were imported to work. However, in New England wealth came about mostly from trade and finance rather than land and slave ownership like in the south. In New England the distribution of land and income was much more equal than in the south so there were far less slaves. What was the demography of slavery in different parts of the colonies? (This relates to fertility and mortality, immigration, and the percentage of the population that was black in the different colonies) In areas such as the Chesapeake and Lower South there were a greater number of slaves than in the north because they needed more slaves to work on the plantations. Plantations were the way they made their money and that was not the case in the north. There was much more land for plantations in the south and the British wanted the products they produced there, such as tobacco, and this encouraged slave use. In the 1670’s the number of indentured slaves went down and their price went up mostly because these slaves were starting to realize that the probability of them owning their own plantation after freedom was very slim. The influx of slaves led to larger and larger plantations but not nearly as big as the sugar plantations in the Caribbean. Trade, Regional Specialization, and Comparative Advantage What colonies had “absolute” advantages in growing particular crops or particular economic activities? o Caribbean – sugar o Chesapeake ­ tobacco o Lower South – rice o New England – nothing Which colonies had a “comparative”...
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