Final Exam Study Guide

Were colonies better off worse off or some combination

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Unformatted text preview: re a series of laws that prohibited the use of foreign shipping for trade between the colonies and other countries. One purpose of the Navigation Acts was to protect British shipping from competition; they wanted to deny the Dutch, French, and Spanish access to the colonial market. Another purpose of the Navigation Acts were to give British merchants living in America a monopoly on colonial commodities that were being exported to England. How did the Navigation Acts work? All of the ships being used for trade had to be British ships owned by British citizens; the British merchants in America were considered British citizens. Additionally, all of the sailors on the ship had to be British. This was an attempt by England to build up their Navy so it would be strong during times of peace and war. Certain goods were enumerated meaning that they had to be shipped to England before they could be shipped anywhere else in the world. England levied taxes on all exports that were going to be imported to their ports in order to make even more money. When were they adopted and how did they change over time? The first Navigation Acts were passed in 1651 and changed over the next few decades. The Navigation Acts changed over time because originally all enumerated goods had to go to England before they could go anywhere else but eventually that changed to where enumerated goods could be exchanged between British colonies without having to go through England (NE to Barbados). Also tariffs or taxes on exports were not always part of the Navigation Acts. Were colonies better off, worse off, or some combination of the two because of the Navigation Acts? The colonies were worse off because of the Navigation Acts for various reasons. The Navigation Acts caused resentment towards England in the colonies because the British were preventing the colonies from trading directly with other countries; they always had to go through the British no matter what price they could get elsewhere. This is one thing that contributed to the start of the Revolutionary War. The colonies were better off because of the Navigation Acts they allowed the colonies to become a monopoly for all of the goods England was importing. England needed the goods that America was producing and England only got them from America so it helped the economy and business in a lot of ways. Slavery What is the connection between economies of scale in production and slavery? The connection between economies of scale in production and slavery are obvious when you examine sugar plantations. Slaves wer...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2013 for the course ECON 311 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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